Analysis of Animal Farm and It’s Characters
Animal Farm is an allegorical fable of the employees revolt and the increase to power of the communist celebration in the previous Soviet Union shortly after World War I and in particular the rise to supremacy of Joseph Stalin, as told in the form of a story of the stock of Manor Farm who overthrow the drunken farmer Jones and take control of the farm for themselves. In this allegory, farmer Jones represents the Russian upper class and the animals represent the peasants, working class, and some aspects of the middle class who revolted versus them.
The various animals on the farm were intended by Orwell to represent the numerous classes and actions of people to power. The pigs clearly represent the gentility and the desire for power, the ones who will head out of their way to get what they desire. They also represent the intellectual class, because of their capability to check out and write. First among the pigs is Old Significant, the boar who prophesizes the revolution. He is based upon the political economist Karl Marx, and, like Marx, passes away before the transformation takes place, however whose mentors motivated the transformation.
After the revolution, two pigs: Snowball and Napoleon, rise to prominence in the judgment pig class. Snowball was Orwell’s representation of the intellectual orator Leon Trotsky, who was outmanoeuvred for the leadership of the Russian communist celebration after the death of Lenin by Stalin, who is represented in Animal Farm by Napoleon. Snowball, like Trotsky, happens represented by the ruling forces as an anti-revolutionary figure who they claim to be working behind the scenes to undermine what takes place on the farm.
2nd in the social ladder of Animal Farm are the young puppies, drawn from their mother at birth and indoctrinated by Napoleon. They represent the elite advanced guard, most devoted to the management but who likewise benefit from that loyalty. Even more down the ladder is Boxer, the work-horse who is very devoted to authority. The expression “work-horse” describes a “individual or device that reliably carries out effort over an extended period of time” which corresponds perfectly with Fighter and his slogan: “I will work harder”.
He symbolizes the hard working peasant class, who in communist societies were constantly hailed by the ruling class but who were also secretly feared by them for their strength. Lower on the ladder you discover the sheep. They are the oblivious ones and symbolize the ignorant, those most easily fooled and deceived by power, and from whom the gentility gain the majority of their authority. Lastly, there is Benjamin the donkey, who represents cynicism, those who recognize corruption however not do anything to stop it and follow the present; those who go along and attempt not to be noticed.
Only once does Benjamin become left, and it occurs when his friend Boxer gets carried away by the glue cart and taken to his untimely death, in the very same method that mister Jones would have done. Among the humans, the primary characters are Mister Frederick and Mister Pilkington. They represent Germany and England respectively. They contend both for the favour of Animal Farm but both desire to undo Animal Farm. Animal Farm is partially conserved by the reality that Mr. Fredrick and Mr. Pilkington do not get along, and their dispute represent the struggles in Europe throughout the years of the Second World War and those leading up to it.
Mr. Fredericks attack on Animal Farm near the end of the book is a portrayal of the treachery of a pact signed between Stalin and Hitler, which cause the siege of Leningrad. In essence, the novella handles the method power ends up being combined in smaller and smaller sized hands, till it is basically controlled by one animal, Napoleon. After Jones is toppled, power is shared by every animal, smart or not, however rapidly concerns reside only in the hooves of the gentility, much better referred to as the pigs, then just in Napoleon’s.
It is the story of how power corrupts whatever. Animal Farm is viewed, at the start, as an optimistic farm where power is divided into the hands of all, and the repartition of power was voted by every animal. For that reason one can argue that Animal Farm’s political power was acquired in genuine method, which indicates it was accepted by all the animals. Despite The Fact That Animal Farm depicted an optimistic regime, it did not take long prior to its state degraded. It is easily relatable to the power in the Soviet Union at the time.
Whilst Stalin gained power in an illegal way by fooling the soviet population and making Trotsky flee, he represented himself as the best thing that ever occurred to the Union, and conned his people by creating a way of life in which everyone had equivalent rights and duties. Like in the Soviet Union, when power was consisted of by the more reliable, in this case the pigs, it became progressively illegitimate. Putting the control in smaller and smaller hooves, the animals on the farm gradually lost power, and therefore the power ended up being invalid, due to the fact that it was declined completely by all the animals.
Although Orwell was a socialist, his unique shows how for revolutions to prosper, violent males are needed to run the transformation, but once effective, these males are going to stay violent to keep their doctrine. It is also interesting to see how the animals represent the different psychologies of people coming to handle something that they believed with every fiber of their being to be good however which ends up being totally incorrect.
On the one extreme you have the sheep types, who are far too oblivious to understand what is going on, while on the other you have the Benjamin-the-donkey types who understand that it is incorrect but decide to opt for it because they are too cynical to think that there is a possibility of a better world. According to my edition of the book, this novella was composed in between November 1943 and February 1944. The siege of Leningrad, which is depicted in the book, just ends at the end of January 1944, just a couple of weeks prior to Orwell completed his principal draft of the novella.
Also, the novella was very first released in England in August 1945, just a couple of months after the end of The second world war. The last chapter, nevertheless, starts with the sentence: “Years passed”, and tells the history of Animal Farm in the years after the fight with Frederick. What is intriguing is that the very first nine chapters of the novella is a myth of the history of the Soviet Union approximately completion of The second world war. But since the novella was published in 1945, this final chapter is Orwell’s speculation of the future instructions of the Soviet Union.
In it, he draws an Animal Farm that ends up being progressively like it was before the expulsion of Jones, except even more ruthless. The relationships in between the pigs and the other farmers end up being gradually more better, and eventually the name of Animal Farm returns to the name Manor Farm. Clearly, the history of the Soviet Union in the cold war period is vastly various of that illustrated by Orwell in the final chapter of the book; the truth of post World War II age is that the Soviet Union did not return to being called Russia and did not knock Marxism.
Personally, I believe that while accurately anticipating a ruling class that would become increasingly more noble and less and less concerned for the well-being of its residents, Orwell likewise attempts to depict a Soviet ruling class that isn’t the worst gentility, however how is it as bad as those in other nations. This becomes clear in that final scene where the pigs and the farmers begin toasting each other and the farmers praise the pigs successes. The last line of the book checks out, “The animals outside looked from pig to male, and from male to pig, and from pig to man again: but already it was difficult to state which was which. “