Animal Farm Research Study Guide
Animal Farm evaluation SOCRATIC SEMINAR Congratulations! Your extensive reading has allowed you to participate in the last assessment, which will be a Socratic workshop. Quickly, a Socratic workshop is a formal conversation technique in which trainees create and respond to top-level concerns and utilize the text in assistance. The format of our Socratic workshop will be as follows: Tuesday We will utilize a specific method called a “fishbowl conversation” and will utilize an “inner circle” and an “external circle.” Just the inner circle might speak unless I specifically prompt the external circle to join the discussion.
One member of the inner circle will randomly draw a subject from the fishbowl, checked out the timely to the group, and then address the question. If you want, you may “pass” and draw once again– however just as soon as. Following your remarks, other members of the inner circle will include their thoughts– responding to the prompt, asking you for explanation or proof, and so on. Everybody is anticipated to be listening and believing, not continuing side conversations, being disruptive, doing your Algebra, or merely waiting you rely on talk. [If needed, I may need you to raise your hand.] After a few minutes, we will move to the next individual.
Every member of the inner circle will deal with a timely throughout the class period, and everybody in the inner circle should contribute at least once when it is NOT your turn. Make sure to speak with the group, not to the instructor. And keep in mind that the goal is to understand, not to dispute. On the other hand, members of the external circle must document 2 high-level comments– textual support for something that was gone over, a high-level follow-up question, or an “a-ha!” moment. If you wish, you may raise your hand to share, although external circle people are not required to speak or share.
Nevertheless, your comments need to be sent at the end of the period. Keep in mind Costa’s levels of questioning, and choose Level 2 and Level 3 questions! Wednesday Inner circle and external circle switch and repeat the process. GRADING Thoughtfully resolving your inner-circle prompt10 points At least one inner-circle talk about another trainee’s prompt10 points Listening and going over respectfully10 points Two thoughtful outer-circle comments10 points TOTAL … … … … … … … … … … 40 points If you miss out on one or both
days, please see Mr. Prather for cosmetics. You have the rest of the duration today to prepare. Use the materials on the next pages to help you. CONNECTIONS One of Orwell’s goals in writing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Transformation of 1917 as one that resulted in a federal government more oppressive, totalitarian, and fatal than the one it toppled. A number of the characters and events of Orwell’s novel parallel those of the Russian Transformation. Manor Farm is a design of Russia, and old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon represent the dominant figures of the Russian Transformation.
Mr. Jones is modeled on Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918), the last Russian emperor. Old Major is the animal version of Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924), the leader of the Bolshevik Celebration that took control in the 1917 Transformation. Just as Old Significant details the concepts of Animalism, a theory holding that all animals are equal and must revolt versus their oppressors, Lenin was inspired by Karl Marx’s theory of Communism, which urges the “workers of the world” to join versus their financial oppressors. As Animalism envisions a world where all animals share in the prosperity of the farm,
Communism argues for economic equality. The U. S. S. R.’s flag depicted a hammer and sickle– the tools of the rebelling employees– so the flag of Animal Farm includes a horn and hoof. Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin (1879-1953). Like Napoleon, Stalin was unconcerned with concepts. Rather, he valued power for its own sake and by 1927 had actually assumed complete control of the Communist Celebration through acts of horror and cruelty. Napoleon’s dogs are like Stalin’s secret cops, utilized to remove all opposition. Snowball is the animal variation of Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), another Marxist thinker and ally of Lenin.
Snowball’s prepare for the windmill and programs show Trotsky’s intelligence and his ideas about the best ways to transform Marx’s theories into practice. Eventually, Trotsky was banished from the U. S. S. R., similar to Snowball was repelled from Animal Farm. Stalin used a lot of propaganda– represented by Squealer in the unique– to present himself as an idealist working for modification. Thanks, in part, to animals like Boxer (who, like many of the Soviet people, accepts without concern their leader’s lies), Stalin became one of the world’s most feared and brutal dictators. Even without the clear connection to Soviet political history, the novel speaks to any overbearing main government. For example, think of George III and his increasing tyranny against the colonists.) From http://www. cliffsnotes. com/study _ guide/literature/animal-farm/ critical-essays/russian-revolution. html (modified by Mr. Prather) PROMPTS * In Animal Farm, the rules are typically modified. Why? Can you think of an example where this happens in real life? * How do the pigs use their education and intelligence to keep the other animals in line? Why do all the animals confess to assisting Snowball, especially after they find out that the charge is death? * Why is Moses the raven encouraged to stay late in the novel after he was at first forced off the farm prior to the rebellion? What does he represent? * Why does Napoleon change the risk of Jones’ return with that of Snowball’s sabotage? Why does he no longer wish for the animals to fear that Jones will come back? * In what methods is Napoleon like Farmer Jones at the end of the novel? Is he much better or worse? * Why didn’t Napoleon make all of his modifications right away after seizing control of the farm?
Why drag them out over a period of years? * In what ways is the initial government of the farm comparable to our own? Do we have a set of “rules?” Does our country have a system in which ideas are debated and voted upon? In what methods is it various? * If you have studied the Russian Transformation, how do the characters/events in Animal Farm line up? Who does each pig represent? What major world events are echoed on the farm? * Compare and contrast the words and message of “Monsters of England” with that of its eventual replacement, the poem “Pal Napoleon. * What evidence is there in the book to suggest that maybe Napoleon is not as wise as he ‘d like everyone else to think? What mistakes does he make? How does he cover them up or sidetrack the animals from blaming him? * How would life on the farm have been various if Snowball had seized control, instead of Napoleon? * When the pigs initially begin to separate themselves from the other animals by drinking the milk and eating the apples, Snowball is still on the farm. Why would he consent to such a practice? Is he genuinely the kindhearted leader that numerous readers think him to be? * What purpose does alcohol play in the book?
What is substantial about the fact that the pigs use the cash from the sale of Boxer to buy whiskey? What other methods do the pigs set about acquiring alcohol? Why does Orwell make a purposeful effort to point them out to us? * Why was the setting of the farm so essential? Why could not the very same story have been informed in London (because there would still be pets and cats and mice)? * The story is a beast fable (a story using animals to communicate its ethical). How does this add to the reader’s understanding of the events? * Contrast Snowball and Napoleon in regards to their leadership ability.
How do the animals react to each? What is the best quality of each as a leader? Whose highest do you think is more vital for leadership? * What is the significance of the 7 Commandments, the songs, and other ways in which the farm’s suitables are revealed throughout the novel? How do these modification as the unique progresses? Consider the principle of propaganda. * Describe Fighter’s and Benjamin’s commitment to the concepts of Animal Farm. The very same or various? Explain. * What does Orwell seem to be saying about power? * What does Orwell appear to be saying about allegiance or dedication to the state? Satire is a literary technique in which the writer teases something in order to, we hope, result in favorable modification. Satire is never ever direct, however is delegated the reader to recognize. Discuss the ways in which the book is a satire of power, tyranny, and/or humanity. * Explain the significance of the following symbols: the farmhouse “Monsters of England” the windmill Sugarcandy Mountain * * Identify the following characters and their roles in the story: Napoleon Snowball Squealer Old Major Mollie Moses Boxer Clover Benjamin Mr. Whymper Mr. Frederick Mr. Pilkington The sheep The puppies
OUTER CIRCLE REMARKS High-level follow-up question, textual support, or “a-ha!” moment NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ______________________ 1) 2)——————————————–?—————————————— OUTER CIRCLE COMMENTS High-level follow-up question, textual assistance, or”a-ha!”minute NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ______________________ 1)2)Essay triggers Select 2 of the following triggers and write 2-3 paragraphs for each. You should finish these at lunch. Be sure to include textual assistance– use precise quotes and put the page number in parentheses, like this:”Blah blah blah” (78). Then, compose one last paragraph in which you
describe what this novel needs to say about governmental injustice and tyranny– what is it, how does it take place, and why do we need to fear it? * In Animal Farm, the commandments are often modified. Why? Can you think of an example where this happens in real life? * How do the pigs make use of their education and intelligence to keep the other animals in line? * Why do all the animals admit to assisting Snowball, even after they discover that the charge is death? Why is Moses the raven encouraged to remain late in the novel after he was at first forced off the farm prior to the rebellion? What does he represent? * Why does Napoleon change the hazard of Jones’ return with that of Snowball’s sabotage? Why does he no longer long for the animals to fear that Jones will come back? * In what ways is Napoleon like Farmer Jones at the end of the novel? Is he better or worse? * Why didn’t Napoleon make all of his modifications right away after seizing control of the farm? Why drag them out over a duration of years? * In what ways is the initial federal government of the farm comparable to our own? Do we have a set of “rules?”Does our country have a system in which concepts are disputed and voted upon? In what methods is it various? * Compare and contrast the words and message of “Beasts of England “with that of
its ultimate replacement, the poem “Pal Napoleon. “* What evidence is there in the book to suggest that maybe Napoleon is not as wise as he ‘d like everybody else to believe? What errors does he make? How does he cover them up or sidetrack the animals from blaming him? * How would life on the farm be various if Snowball had seized control, instead of Napoleon? What purpose does alcohol play in the novel? What is significant about the truth that the pigs use the money from the sale of Fighter to purchase whiskey? What other ways do the pigs set about acquiring alcohol? Why does Orwell make a purposeful effort to point them out to us? * Why was the setting of the farm so crucial? Why couldn’t the exact same story have been informed in London (because there would still be dogs and cats and mice)? * The story is a beast fable(a story using animals to interact its moral ). How does this add to the reader’s perception of the occasions? * Contrast Snowball and Napoleon in regards to their management capability. How do the animals react to each? What is the very best quality of each as a leader? Whose best quality do you think is more vital for management? * What is the significance of the Seven Rules, the songs, and other methods which the farm’s ideals are
revealed throughout the novel? How do these change as the unique advances? Consider the idea of propaganda. * Describe Boxer’s and Benjamin’s commitment to the ideas of Animal Farm. The same or different? Explain. * What does Orwell appear to be saying about power? * What does Orwell seem to be saying about obligation or dedication to the state?