Animal Farm: the Meaning of Equality
Francesca Rael Mr. Reese 2PreAP English, Duration 7 19 December 2012 The Meaning of Equality In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, he analyzes the impact of communism and the post-war stress and anxiety of The second world war. Orwell utilizes allegories to completely explain the pain and worry following the clash between nations. He utilizes farm animals and a farm to represent the significant events and figures in the time of Stalinism and the Soviet Union. The animals wish to “get rid of guy” (Orwell 30), and guy mean capitalist society.
Communism, or “Animalism” as the animals call it, starts as a society of equals, however gradually alters into a dictatorship. The leaders created a dystopian world where whatever they had actually prepared took a turn for the worse rather of the originally prepared utopia. All of the animals (except for the pigs/leaders) eventually lose all of the power they thought they had actually acquired. Post-war stress and anxiety plays a big role in the unique, Soviet Russia, and around the globe. In the years following WWII, America was continuously in fear of Russia bombing them and Russia was afraid that America was going to attack.
In Animal Farm, the animals wake up every day with the anxiety of the people coming back to retake the farm. The people (both Mr. Jones and the owners of other farms), on the other hand, are afraid that their animals will do the same and revolt versus them. Russell Baker describes how Orwell experienced the war first hand and how he thought that the decent people of Western Europe were being fooled into believing that Soviet truth was amazing in his “Preface” of Animal Farm. Orwell called the book a fable, however it is also a “satire on human folly” (Russell vi) and has many lessons for human morality.
Post-war stress and anxiety was remarkable in both the ’50s and the 60’s and George Orwell found this out when he went searching for a publisher. Stalinism and the Soviet Union were so popular that neither British nor English publishers wanted to hear any criticism of his ideas. It looked like the West had readily put on blinders due to the fact that of the defeat of Hitler’s army. Everybody had a great deal of appreciation for the Soviet Union and its forces. Stalin and his political system considerably benefited from all of this. Orwell marched to the beat of his own drum and has an “insistence n being his own male” (Russell ix). The preface to Animal Farm helps the reader understand why Orwell established such a candid critique of Stalinism. Although he was a socialist, Orwell believed that Stalin and his comrades perversely changed the meaning of socialism and equality. Without reading the “Preface”, one would presume that this book is basic and childish. George Orwell concealed his disgust in the political fear and totalitarianism going on in Russia at the time behind the many farm animals in his novel. In addition to the “Preface” by Russell Baker, C. M.
Woodhouse tells the reader that the novel was provided to the basic population in the exact same month as the atomic bombs dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the “Introduction.” Woodhouse goes on to discuss that this “fairy-story” (Woodhouse xix) has an ethical, and teaches us lessons about life. It does not occur in our world, however in a world beyond. The fairy stories are embeded in a location without excellent and wicked. Woodhouse thinks that Orwell has revived the words equality, democracy, and peace. All of these words have actually been deceitfully changed into “shibboleths of political warfare” (Woodhouse xxii).
Woodhouse also explains that it is impossible for those that have checked out Animal Farm to not regularly consider the reality that some individuals are more equal than others. He goes on to say that George Orwell’s book may not alter the course of history in a short quantity of time. It could take years more for his unique to add to the world. What we do understand is that Orwell successfully anticipated the future of Stalin, the Soviet Union, and his concepts. George Orwell’s legacy as a prophet will unquestionably carry on for the rest of time.
Post-war tension plays a big role in Animal Farm, and represents the tension that was present around the globe in the ’50s and ’60s. The leaders of the farm instilled worry in the animals, as did the leaders of Soviet Russia to their citizens. In the unique, the animals constantly have the worry that the surrounding farms are going to assault them and vice versa. Their apprehension forces them to accompany Napoleon’s ideas since the ideas give them a false sense of security. Napoleon also establishes a stress and anxiety that includes his worry of counter-revolutionaries, or individuals that wish to overthrow him and the farm’s new suitables.
Both Napoleon and Stalin performed everybody who didn’t have the very same “morals” as them. They both purged their nations of individuals that they considered as enemies. These mass executions set an unpleasant, melancholic tone amongst all of the citizens of both Animal Farm and Russia. Both transformations changed and the “children” of the transformation ended up being whatever they hated. The tension and anxiety came from worry of attack, mass murders designed by the leaders, and a society where everybody was expected to be equivalent however some were “more equivalent than others” (Orwell 133).
The 3 pigs in the novel, Squealer, Snowball, and Napoleon, all represent tyrants from Soviet Russia. They each effort and prosper at instilling worry in the other animals on the farm. Snowball is intellectual, enthusiastic, and likewise significantly less sneaky than Napoleon. Although Snowball gains commitment, trust, and respect from the other animals, he still creates a surprise sense of fear within the nation. His ideas and speeches are confusing to the animals, however they accept them without knowing what they suggest precisely. On the other hand, the other pig develops worry directly.
The other pig is Napoleon, and he utilizes his trained guard dogs, which are his military force, to combine power and frighten the other animals. Napoleon is a despot in every sense of the word. He even chases after off his equivalent, Snowball, utilizing his military. When Snowball and Napoleon disagree about developing a windmill, Napoleon sets his pet dogs loose and has them” [dash] straight for Snowball” (Orwell 67). Snowball experiences a close brush with death, till he escapes. This circumstance greatly problems the other animals, and Napoleon is essentially letting them know not to cross him otherwise they will be sentenced to death.
Squealer, although not as substantial as the two leaders, is the epitome of those in power who use speech and language to twist facts and gain control of society and the government. Squealer spreads Napoleon’s propaganda and justifies everything Napoleon says by utilizing incorrect realities. Squealer became so convincing that a number of the animals “accepted his explanation” (Orwell 72) about why Napoleon was now for the windmill without asking any questions. In general, Snowball, Squealer, and Napoleon are allegories for different leaders in Soviet Russia.
They use techniques such as propaganda, military force, and persuasion to impart worry in the animals on the farm. There are parallels between Orwell’s Animal Farm and the unsightly truth behind Soviet Russia. Stalin, a cruel and overbearing leader, utilized all three of these techniques to attain his overall objective of managing the nation. There are severe parallels between Animal Farm and the reality of Soviet Russia. In both Soviet Russia and on the farm, tension was great and the leaders instilled worry in their people.
The post “Stalin’s Revolution” on flowofhistory. com describes these parallels in depth. Stalin, like Napoleon, introduced a “project to build up” (flowofhistory. com) his communist union. Stalin acquired the assistance of the country by saying that whatever would get much better if he was the leader. This was likewise Napoleon’s tactic. Joseph Stalin was an extremely paranoid guy, as was Napoleon, and thought that everybody was conspiring against him. Napoleon used a mass execution to “purge” the farm of the animals that he viewed as traitors. Stalin likewise did this.
In 1936 he maltreated and carried out a severe quantity of the citizens that he considered hazards to his administration. In both cases the inhabitants of the locations were prosecuted, but the trials were nothing however a sham. They were required to confess their alleged criminal offenses, and then were sentenced to death. Although communism was expected to create a society of equates to, it instead made even more social departments. Both Russia and the farm experienced the reality that some individuals are just more equal than others. All of these truths led to “increasing political tensions” (flowofhistory. com) around the world.
Although the autocrats of Russia, or in this case the animals of the farm, had actually not attempted to devise a computing plan to take down the citizens of their nation, this is what they eventually accomplished. Stalin and his followers seized the power far from the working class. Just as Stalin tried to turn Russia against capitalism, the leaders of the farm try to turn the animals against people by informing them that the “just good human is a dead one” (Orwell 59). Although initially they stood for pure equality, they soon appeared to mean the notion that some people are more equal than others.
Orwell describes how damaging Stalin and his cause were to Russia by using animals as an allegory and describing the idea of communism in more simple terms. The leaders of Animal Farm fill the “employee” animals with worry just as Stalin and his comrades instilled worry into the working class of Russia. The animals were influenced by this idea of everyone being equal and this ultimately encouraged them to accompany the totalitarians’ ideas. At first, all of the animals supported the idea with their own free choice however ultimately only support it out of pure fear.
Stress and anxiety of the characters in Animal Farm closely compares with the concern of everybody worldwide post-WWII. Functions Cited Baker, Russell. “Beginning.” Animal Farm. By George Orwell. New York City: Signet Classic, v-xii. Print. Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Signet Classic, 1996. Print. “The Circulation of History.” FC130B: The Communist Dictatorships of Lenin & & Stalin (1920-39). Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <. Woodhouse, C. M. "Introduction" Animal Farm. By George Orwell. New York: Signet Classic,1996. xiii-xxiii. Print.