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Arthur Miller’s The Crucible


A crucible is specified as a serious trial or a container in which metals are melted at extremely heats. Similar to how metals mold to a brand-new shape at extremely heats, people, change when severe trials and challenges present themselves. When innocent lives are lost, a person will understand the wrongs and effort to make things right once again. The character John Hale need to forget his old mentors and lifestyle to try to return the town of Salem to a serene neighborhood.

In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, Reverend John hale transforms from a prideful district attorney of witches to a simple protector of the implicated since of the guilt he experiences over the innocent lives lost throughout the Salem witch trials. Reverend John Hale arrives in Salem as a prideful man with objectives of maltreating the accused of witchcraft and ridding the town of all evil.

Author Arthur Miller states of Hale, “This is a precious errand of him; on being called here to establish witchcraft he felt the pride of the expert whose distinct knowledge has actually at last been publicly required.

“(Miller 1252) Miller describes that the reverend has fantastic pride in having the opportunity to display his skills to rid the town of Salem of witchcraft. His abilities in the start of the trials originate from his books instead of from his own intuitions. Reverend Hale brings numerous books into the town in order to use their knowledge to maltreat the implicated. He thinks these books to be foolproof, and they trigger him to believe that he will solve all of the town’s issues with them. In addition to the understanding from his books, he speaks, “with a delicious love of intellectual pursuit.”(Miller 1257) These phase directions imply that Hale thirsts to be the all-knowing savior of Salem. In his early days at Salem this thirst and his faith in the judicial system guide him to find the suspected witches and handle them accordingly. The reverend’s early thirst for heroism soon vanishes as the trials pursue and more unanticipated people in Salem are implicated of witchcraft.

Hale takes a trip to the Proctor residence by his accord, without the court’s authority, to get more information about them due to the fact that Elizabeth Proctor has actually been discussed in the court. Discovering the faith life of Elizabeth, Hale begins to question whether all of the accused participate in witchcraft, and doubt of the infallible judicial system begins to arise in him. This doubt grows as he says to Judge Danforth about the trials, “However is does not follow that everyone implicated is part of it.”(Miller 1300) He understands now that the implicated are offered no chance to plead innocent without the sure fate of death. Hale sees defect in the judicial system that he has lived by, and wonders if the numerous he has actually condemned to death had no opportunity at all to seek innocence. Understanding that the implicated have no possibility for survival however through confession of witchcraft, Hale proclaims, “I have this morning signed away the soul of Rebecca Nurse, Your Honor.

I’ll not conceal it, my hand shakes yet just like an injury!”(Miller 1301) He understands that Rebecca has a good life of faith, and she will most certainly be condemned to death by the so called infallible judicial system since of him. Hale reveals the feeling of regret by signing away the life of Goody Nurse, and understands that he must attempt to defend the accused since the court will not. Hale loses all motivation to condemn the accused and no longer holds pride in himself or his judicial system. With his motivation to look for witches now gone, Hale believes much of the accused to be innocent and tries to persuade this to the court. He tells Judge Danforth, “I beg you, stop now before another is condemned! I might not shut my conscience to it no more– private vengeance is overcoming this testimony! From the starting this man has actually struck me true. By my oath to Heaven, I think him now.”(Miller 1311)

His guilt presses him to defend the implicated in front of the judge so that their blood will not be on his hands. Hale understands his association with the courts will result in the loss of innocent lives, and he can not deal with himself knowing this. Understanding now that the court operates with error, he quits it and denounces its procedures. John Hale no longer wish to participate in the court’s killing of the innocent, and feels guilty for the lives that he has currently condemned through the judicial system. Hale now understands that he needs to think for himself rather than following the laws and rules of the judicial system he has lived by his whole life. Working separate from the court, the reverend states, “I come to do the Devil’s work. I pertain to counsel Christians they must belie themselves.”(Miller 1325) Hale understands that the only method to rid the regret from his mind is to convince the implicated to lie and confess so that their lives may be conserved.

He has actually lost faith in the court system that will condemn innocent lives, and, throwing away his pride, puts out one last effort to save some of the lives he has actually condemned. His inspiration has altered from condemning the witches in the town to attempting to save the accused. As his efforts will stop working, he drops to his knees and says, “What profit him to bleed? Shall the dust applaud him? Shall the worms declare his reality? Go to him, take his shame away!”(Miller 1334) His efforts to defend the accused fail, and guilt overwhelms him. Reverend John Hale can not cope with the innocent lives he has sentenced to murder and is humbled as the accused are resulted in their death.

“Cleave to no faith when faith brings blood”(Miller 1326) states a changed reverend as the Salem witch trials pertain to an end. Reverend Hale loses not only his faith in the judicial system, but also in the God who he thought to be too perfect to permit these awful occasions to occur. He humbles himself since the pride that he as soon as had results in the death innocent lives in Salem. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, Reverend John Hale modifications from a prideful district attorney of the witches to a modest defender of the accused because of the guilt that overwhelms him due to the innocent blood shed at his hands throughout the Salem witch trials.

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