It is human nature to want a better understanding of oneself; without the splendid powers of clinical truth, people were required to use the next finest ideas: self-questioning, believed, and viewpoint. Through the use of the dynamic human mind, human societies were able to identify explanation and factor for our existence, which time and time again developed into religion. In general, human societies have produced religions that celebrate a greater power– a propensity that has continued on into contemporary society with numerous examples such as Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Of these three, Christianity is the primary religious beliefs of western culture and represents a substantial part of society from politics, to the economy, vacations, and cultural customs. While the standard concepts of the faith use a positive way of life, modern social requirements have the propensity to elicit dishonest exploitation of its system of beliefs. William Faulkner offers an informative story in As I Lay Dying, showing the variety of atrocities that arise from religious corruption. Due to humanity’s self-centered impulses, religion– more particularly, Christianity– is meant to act as a power for excellent. Nevertheless, the concepts are taken advantage of for personal gain with little thought to its result on others. Through each of his characters, Faulkner highlights a candidly sensible variation of religious beliefs that serves to expose the superficial and self-centered ways for exploitation that modern-day faith has become.
Cora Tull is certainly among the more paradoxical representations of a “devout” Christian in modern-day literature. While she thinks that she follows a lifestyle that displays “pure religion”, but she stops working to follow a few of the most essential concepts of the Christian faith. Cora often discovers grand frustration in the Bundrens’ loyalty to God. Maybe Cora is most judgemental of the religious values of Addie Bundren, as Cora has actually specified that “it is not us that can judge our sins or know what is sin in the Lord’s eyes. She has had a hard life, however so does every female. However you ‘d believe from the method she talked that she knew more about sin and redemption than the Lord God Himself, than them who have strove and labored with the sin in this human world” (167 ). In Cora’s extreme criticism of Addie’s absence of faith in the lord and redemption, she is stopping working to acknowledge among the ten commandments: “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” In Cora’s elitist view of herself and her pure faith, in addition to her failure to reveal compassion or understanding for the Bundrens’ situation, she is ironically ignoring the religious worths to which she claims to be so devoted. Faulkner’s depiction of this sardonic character highlights the idea that following “pure faith” elicits rash judgement of less devout individuals and subsequently absolutely abandoning the values that need to be shown by “pure” religious followers. Cora’s character shows that a person who is just religious by blind faith, but does not have the objective to follow its concepts, is a failure and an inexperienced representative of its concepts and beliefs.
While the Christian belief system has good intentions, it can be quickly manipulated by individuals with self-centered and unethical desires. Anse Bundren, while a pathetically worthless character who has no motivation and gives nothing to help his household, thinks not that his poor living situation is self-inflicted however that they are triggered by God. As he specifies, “I am chosen of the Lord, for who He loveth, so doeth He chastiseth. But I be durn if He don’t take some curious methods to reveal it, looks like,” the state of Anse’s life is argued to be particularly chosen by God (111 ). This method represents how one can control the system of beliefs that is christianity in order to justify a person’s inadequacies and failures. Faulkner’s demonstration of how one who declines to take duty for their own actions by claiming the “will of the lord” is ultimately useless reason for a christian or any religious follower is exemplified in Anses denial of his self-created torment. By his blameful reasoning, Anse also creates “genuine” reason for selfishly choosing to send Darl to a psychological organization in order to avoid a lawsuit, stating “I reckon he should be there. God knows, it’s a trial on me. Seems like it ain’t no end to bad luck when once it starts.” (233 ). Faith has actually given him a method to refuse regret therefore never ever learning from his errors as he believes they were destined to be made. The ease at which the beliefs behind Christianity can be abused represents contemporary religious beliefs’s attempt to develop kind, well-mannered individuals is eventually ineffective.
Perhaps the most frustrating spiritual agent in the whole book, is the regional minister, Whitfield. Paradoxically, as a man whose responsibility is to teach religions and offer spiritual assistance to the community, he is probably the most pathetically inexperienced character when it comes to following the concepts of Christianity. In his effort to confess his affair with Addie to Anse and his decision not to after learning she had already passed away, Whitfield is not only displaying a failure to act real to the beliefs he preaches but likewise a failure to fulfill a direct command from God: “‘Increase,’ He unfortunate; ‘repair to that house in which you have actually put a living lie, amongst those people with whom you have actually outraged My Word; admit your sin aloud. It is for them, for that deceived other half, to forgive you: not I,” (177 ). Yet right after this we comprehending the complete degree of his worthless nature, as Whitfield decides that, as with Addie’s death he no longer has any factor to worry for the secret going out, the simple objective of confession suffices in God’s eyes. His distinct failure to fulfill the particular demands of the lord shows how people who are implied to embody the epitome of christian belief and hold a sacred responsibility of teaching those beliefs can be utterly faithless. In addition, the action to which he fails to admit, is a noteworthy sin unto itself. As a minister who dedicated an act of adultery Whitfield shows no attachment to the beliefs he preaches and consequently elicits Addie’s rejection of faith. The paradox of Whitfield’s worthless character shows how the concepts of Christianity hold such little authority and influence that even members who are implied to represent the “peak of piety” have no responsibility to dedication.
While the principles of Christianity have in some ways remained steady considering that their creation countless years earlier, the impact of such principles, at least on the evidence of Faulkner’s unique, has actually completely degraded. Highly “pure” religious individuals do not care to truly follow the most standard beliefs that declare to maintain. Others take helpful of these religious weaknesses to justify their incompetencies and immoralities. Eventually, William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying provides a somber demonstration of the failures of modern religion, exemplifying its shortcomings and unfavorable the backlash that results. Modern faith has actually ended up being hollow and senseless as the only intention to abide by it is for self-centered gain and its mentors have actually degenerated into worthless words with no intimate understanding or dedication.