James and Margaret Jarvis check out Barbara Smith, one of Margaret’s nieces, on a day on which court is not in session. Margaret and Barbara talk about Ixopo. While Jarvis reads, there is a knock on the door, and he finds Stephen Kumalo there. Kumalo is shocked to see Jarvis, and muffles the action as if he were ill or starving. Kumalo starts to tremble, and Jarvis believes that he is ill. Jarvis goes to get water for Kumalo, and when he returns Kumalo brings a paper from Sibeko for his child, the Smith’s servant. Jarvis tells Kumalo that he recognizes him, however he does not understand the relationship between them. Kumalo admits that it is a very heavy thing between them, and he hesitates to tell, for it is the heaviest thing of all their years. Kumalo finally confesses that it was his boy who killed Arthur. Jarvis informs Kumalo that there is no anger in him. The Smith child returns, and informs Kumalo that Sibeko’s child was fired since she began to brew liquor on her room and was sent out to jail. She says that she does not understand and does not care where the lady is, however when Jarvis translates this to Kumalo in Zulu, he neglects the fact that she does not care. Kumalo leaves respectfully, and when he leaves Jarvis admits to his better half that he is disrupted since of something that came out of the past.
It is the letter from Sibeko that acts as the incentive for the first direct conference between Stephen Kumalo and James Jarvis and causes a sense of reconciliation for the 2 guys. The fight in between the two guys is surprisingly tender; instead of representing fantastic discomfort in between the 2 men as they have this opportunity conference, Paton quickly dismisses the possibility of any displeasure in between the two guys.
The behavior of Stephen Kumalo throughout this chapter becomes part of the motivation for James Jarvis’s kindness towards him. Alan Paton makes clear that Stephen Kumalo feels great embarassment and weakness as he meets James Jarvis, who initially believes that the old pastor’s habits is a sign of extreme disease. Faced with a man in such a lamentable condition, James Jarvis can just show pity and inflammation toward a man so taken in with pain and guilt over his boy’s actions. Yet Paton does not make Stephen Kumalo merely the things of pity; Kumalo does bring himself to admit to Jarvis that it was his kid who eliminated Arthur, thus showing his own courage and honesty.
The very best presentation of the compassion that James Jarvis shows for Stephen Kumalo happens when he inquires about Sibeko’s daughter. Jarvis respectfully leaves out Ms. Smith’s remark that she doesn’t care what happened to Sibeko’s daughter. This is substantial for 2 factors: this fully demonstrates that Jarvis bears no ill will towards Kumalo, for he makes this small gesture even after he knows the factor behind Kumalo’s habits toward him and, as Paton will explain later, this shows Jarvis’s compassion to Kumalo (who in fact might equate the comment himself).
Although James Jarvis is not mad with Stephen Kumalo over the action of his boy, the confrontation between the 2 men still disturbs Jarvis. This is substantial, for it works as an extra impetus for Jarvis’s reformation.
John Kumalo gives a speech in the public square as Dubula and Tomlinson look on. The police officers hear the speech and stress that John Kumalo is dangerous. Kumalo asks “is it wrong to ask more money? We get little bit enough. It is just our share that we ask, enough to keep our better halves and our households from hunger.” He continues to ask, “is it we that must be kept bad so that others may remain rich?” The native policemen look out, knowing that at the first indication of disorder, John Kumalo will be lowered and put in the van and taken in other places. John Kumalo does care whether he goes to prison, for in jail there is no applause, so he keeps the peace. Stephen Kumalo and Msimangu listen to John Kumalo, and Stephen confesses that his sibling can have fun with even his emotions as if he were a kid. Msimangu states that it is a relief that John Kumalo is corrupt, for if he were not corrupt, he could plunge the nation into bloodshed. He has actually been damaged by his ownerships, and fears their loss, therefore will not stir condition. Jarvis is also at the rally and listens to John Kumalo speak.
An expected strike reoccurs, never ever progressing beyond the mines. There is a little bit of trouble at Driefontein, where the authorities were employed to drive the black miners into the mine, but now all is peaceful.
The speech that John Kumalo gives up the public square serves to show a number of elements of this character’s personality. Most certainly, the speech establishes the terrific sway and affect that John Kumalo has among the citizens of Johannesburg. A speaker of powerful force, John Kumalo can easily utilize his influence for whatever factors he desires. This correlates to the trial of his kid and Absalom Kumalo, for it suggests that John Kumalo can utilize similar techniques to secure his boy’s release at any expense. Yet the speech also recommends that Kumalo is no legitimate reformer; he has too great an issue for individual gain to risk his own security or monetary security. John Kumalo will negotiate in between amazing the crowd and keeping them just controlled enough so that the authorities will not take action against him. Paton here most clearly portrays John Kumalo as corrupt. His concerns are completely individual, despite his claims that he works for the benefit of South Africa. In contrast, the motives of reformers such as Arthur Jarvis are a lot more honorable, untainted by the look for glory and power.
Mrs. Lithebe and Gertrude argue over Gertrude’s habits; Mrs. Lithebe declares that Gertrude connects with the wrong type of individuals, who laugh idly and thoughtlessly and will never ever help her, and warns her not to hurt her sibling any even more. Gertrude claims that she will be thankful to leave Johannesburg, for she has actually known nothing but trouble there. There is news of another murder: a European homeowner was shot dead by a native housebreaker. Later, Gertrude suggests to Mrs. Lithebe that she wishes to become a nun. Mrs. Lithebe claps her hands in happiness, however states that she needs to think about the kid. Gertrude wishes to end up being a nun due to the fact that she is a weak female and it might stop her desire. Gertrude goes to the pregnant lady and asks if she would care for her young boy if Gertrude were to become a nun, and the woman eagerly agrees.
Alan Paton positions Gertrude Kumalo at the center of this chapter, which foreshadows that her brother’s efforts on her behalf may be in vain and that she is destined to go back to her errant ways. Paton represents Gertrude as a lady caught within the scaries of Johannesburg and desperate for an escape from her own weaknesses. The idea that she will become a nun, while applauded by Mrs. Lithebe, is an entirely absurd concept that shows Gertrude’s desperation. She cares so little for her son that she wants to leave custody of him to the pregnant girl so that she can enter a convent.
Once once again, Paton consists of another example of criminal activity in South Africa in which a black murders a white. By this point, the addition of another criminal offense of this manner strikes not simply a disconcerting note but a completely undesirable one. The underlying theme of native criminal offense versus Europeans betrays the overall styles of equality and Christian charity that inform the book while putting the center of South Africa’s difficulties in an exceptionally wrong location.
The judge concerns his decision in the event. He specifies that Absalom has not looked for to reject his regret, and that there is no conclusive evidence that Matthew Kumalo and Johannes Pafuri were present at the time, despite Mpiring’s identification of Pafuri. The judge concludes that the regret of Matthew Kumalo and Pafuri has actually not been developed, however he holds Absalom wholly accountable for the murder, citing the truths of the case and refuting Absalom’s contention that he did not plan to eliminate Arthur Jarvis. The judge considers any mitigating factors, and finds that there are no extenuating scenarios. Finally he asks Absalom if he has anything to say, to which he replies “I eliminated this man, but I did not indicate to kill him, just I was afraid.” The judge sentences Absalom to death by hanging. When court is dismissed, the young white male who has assisted Kumalo and Msimangu breaks tradition and exits the court with the black males, an action that is not gently done.
This chapter is mostly expository, fulfilling the plot advancements that Paton has actually foreshadowed considering that the beginning of the trial. As developed, the concern of Absalom Kumalo’s regret had been well-established and the primary question of the trial was whether he would get grace. Given that the blame falls wholly on Absalom, with the two other accuseds opposing their innocence, he receives no mercy from the court. There is the ramification that an admission of regret for the other two defendants would mitigate the sentence that Absalom receives; therefore Matthew Kumalo and Johannes Pafuri sacrifice Absalom Kumalo in order to save themselves.
As soon as once again, Alan Paton exalts the behavior of a white guy on behalf of blacks in South Africa by having the young man from the reformatory exit the court on the side of the blacks. It is an action “not gently done,” a phrase that remembers the action of the white man on the roadway to Alexandra.
Daddy Vincent, Kumalo, Gertrude and her kid, the woman and Msimangu visit Absalom in jail. Dad Vincent carries out the wedding, weding Absalom and the lady. Absalom tells his father to give his concerns to his mother, and tells him about the cash that Absalom has actually saved for his kid. Absalom demands that the kid, if a kid, be named Peter. Absalom says that Matthew Kumalo and Pafuri are also in jail, for there is yet another case versus them. Kumalo tells his boy to have courage, and Absalom cries out of fear over the hanging. As they leave Absalom, the girl tells Stephen Kumalo that she is now his child, and he forces himself to smile at her.
After returning from the prison, Kumalo goes to his bro’s shop. John says that it is a good idea that Gertrude is opting for him, since Johannesburg is not a place for a female alone. He praises Stephen for his compassion towards Gertrude. Stephen says that he has one more thing to talk about with John, however he is not there to reproach him. John ends up being indignant, thinking that Stephen must have no reason to reproach him, but Stephen solutions the scenario by saying that the only one who should evaluate John is God. Stephen asks John about his child, and John says that he will bring his child back to him when his legal problems are finished. John speaks about politics, and says that history teaches that the men who do the work can not be kept down permanently, and that he hates oppression (but not the white guy). Wishing to damage his sibling, Stephen tells John that he has heard hazardous things, which John is being watched. Maybe, he adds, a good friend may have been sent out to the store to deceive him. John regrets having such a friend, then Stephen adds that Absalom had pals like that. John orders his bro out of the shop, and kicks over the table in front of him. Stephen needs to leave the shop, and John locks him out. Stephen is embarrassed and embarrassed because he did not come for this function, however only to tell his bro that power corrupts which a male who defends justice must himself be cleansed and cleansed.
Jarvis quotes goodbye to Harrison and his son. Harrison tells Jarvis that the Court made a mess of the case, which they should have hammered away at Mkize. Jarvis provides John Harrison an envelope to open when he is gone. John Harrison reads it later: it demands that John do all the things that Arthur wished to do at what could be called the Arthur Jarvis club, and includes a look for ten thousand dollars.
Msimangu hosts a celebration at Mrs. Lithebe’s house in which he praises her for her generosity to Kumalo and his household. After the celebration, Msimangu informs Kumalo that he is abandoning the world and all ownerships, but has actually saved a little money which he would like to provide to him for all of the new duties he has taken up. He informs Kumalo that as soon as the Governor-General-in-Council makes a decision worrying grace for Absalom, Father Vincent will let him know. He likewise informs Kumalo that if Absalom is sentenced to death, either he or Daddy Vincent will go to Pretoria that day for the execution. Kumalo groans and repents for the quarrel with his brother, and chooses to write his sibling a letter. When checking on everyone prior to turning in for the night, Kumalo finds that the lady and the little boy are there, however Gertrude is gone.
Although the sentencing of Absalom Kumalo is complete, the development of his story is not yet complete. There stays some hope for clemency for Absalom, but more significantly, Paton recommends the possibility for some greater redemption for the character. The marital relationship in between Absalom and the girl is a substantial expression of this redemption, as he gets ready for the girl and his kid to live without him. The final action for Absalom’s redemption is as yet insufficient; while accepting responsibility for his actions, Absalom has not yet accepted the inevitability of his death and withstands his fate.
The fight in between John and Stephen Kumalo finishes the dispute in between the two characters, as Stephen betrays his contempt for his sibling’s actions and John contradicts any obligation for the circumstance. The fast action that John provides to Stephen’s suggestion that he may evaluate him suggests that John knows some guilt that he ought to feel, however out of arrogance and selfishness refuses to acknowledge. In this chapter, Paton places John Kumalo beyond redemption: his issues are entirely personal, and he will take any measures necessary to secure his own individual status. Yet this chapter also acts as retribution for John Kumalo; Stephen Kumalo discovers the one weak point in his bro, issue over his power and status, and removes his security because feeling.
Although Stephen Kumalo concerns this retribution to his sibling, Paton refuses to portray the lead character as a guy bent on revenge. The fight between the Kumalo siblings happens out of impulse, and Paton makes clear that Stephen Kumalo never ever intended to visit his bro in order to hurt him. Paton further redeems Stephen Kumalo by revealing that he feels guilt and embarrassment over the dispute; he takes no satisfaction from the discomfort that he causes his brother, no matter how warranted the retribution may be, and even seeks penitence for his action.
This chapter fulfills the shift in James Jarvis from a male unconcerned with the plight of blacks to a social activist. Jarvis takes his first significant action to continue the work of his child by developing the Arthur Jarvis club, while John Harrison satisfies his function as the successor to the management role when satisfied by the killed Jarvis. Nevertheless, this is simply a starting for James Jarvis; Paton foreshadows the final chapters of the novel, which will be committed to the continued works of James Jarvis to enhancing the quality of life of blacks in the area of Ixopo.
This chapter lastly acts as a resolution to the story of a number of the characters in Johannesburg. Gertrude fulfills her foreshadowed fate by disappearing, presumably to sign up with a convent, while Msimangu, impacted by the battle for justice in which he has actually taken part, decides to abandon the secular world and contribute his cost savings to Stephen Kumalo. Most significantly, the chapter enables Stephen Kumalo’s departure from Johannesburg without a definitive resolution to his son’s fate. Stephen Kumalo can do no more for his boy, and the fate of Absalom will become a secondary concern to be detailed pre-owned. While the concern of whether Absalom will be performed will remain a concern through the last chapters, the possibility of mercy will become secondary to more important issues in Ixopo.