The proud Doctor Faustus himself appears as a liminal figure, straddling the ground between recurring and emerging modes of behavior and thought, presenting to Marlowe’s audience an element at times inspiring, however at others frightening, or even worse, despicable. Faustus offers his soul for knowledge and power, but gets extremely little of either. His aspiration is admirable and at first awesome, yet he eventually does not have a specific self-confidence. He is unable to embrace his dark course totally however is also reluctant to confess his error. Till swollen with cunning of a self-conceit, His waxen wings did mount above his reach, And melting paradises conspired his topple. For being up to a devilish exercise, And glutted more with learning’s golden gifts, He surfeits upon cursed mysticism.” These lines make clear the nature of Faustus’ weakness– his intellectual vanity and conceit and his monotony with what he already knows. A strong indication of his eventual fate is likewise offered by the allusion to the story of Icarus, whose waxen wings melted when he flew too close to the sun.
He is an arrogant, self-aggrandizing man, but his ambitions are so grand that we can not assist being amazed, and we even feel understanding toward him. He represents the spirit of the renaissance, with its rejection of the medieval, God-centered universe, and its welcome of human possibility. Faustus, a minimum of early in his acquisition of magic, is the personification of possibility. According to the Renaissance view, Faustus rebels against the limitations of middle ages knowledge and the limitation put upon humankind decreeing that he must accept his place in the universe without challenging it.
Since of his universal desire for enlightenment, Faustus makes a contract for understanding and power. His desire, according to the Renaissance, is to transcend the restrictions of humanity and rise to higher achievements and heights. In the purest sense, Faustus wants to prove that he can end up being higher than he presently is. Because of his desire to exceed human limitations, Faustus is willing to opportunity damnation in order to achieve his goals. The catastrophe results when a person is condemned to damnation for noble attempts to exceed the petty restrictions of umanity. The character of Faustus comes from a popular legend of a German physician who reported offered his soul to the devil in exchange for magical powers. In Marlowe’s rendition, he is depicted as a terrible hero because his unchecked aspirations lead him to a regrettable end. But at a deeper level, there is a clear devolvement of his character, from a positive, enthusiastic scholar, to a self-satisfied, low-level practical joker. Although he goes far for himself as a professional magician, Faustus never achieves the lofty objectives he at first sets for himself.
Second, there are times when Faustus despairs over his decision and comes close to repenting, just to retreat at the last minute. On the other hand, Faustus can be seen as a hero because he declines God’s authority and identifies his own course of life. Faustus is the apotheosis of the Renaissance Man turning away from the spiritual strictures of the Middle ages Age (God-centeredness) in favor of the informed age of reason and human achievement (man-centeredness). At night, in a solitary grove, Faustus starts his necromancies to conjure forth Mephistophilis.
As the spirit appears, Faustus realises the virtue in his divine words, the effectiveness of his spells and the force of magic. His vanity is pumped up, and he hails himself as a conjurer-laureate who can command fantastic Mephistophilis. For ‘letting him reside in all voluptuousness’, and for the unconditional service of Mephistophilis during this amount of time, Faustus brushes aside the prompt warnings of conscience and participates in a compact with the Devil, signing the bond with his own blood.
Faustus takes the utmost possible advantage of the service of Mephistophilis. It is this fallen angel with his ominous genuineness and untouched frankness that fixes for Faustus the doleful issues of damnation and indirectly helps to increase the intrepidity of the sin-steeped scholar and his spiritual arrogance. It is Mephistophilis that clears Faustus’s doubts in astronomy and cosmography, assists him to ride triumphantly in a chariot round the world, scanning the worlds in the firmament and the Kingdoms of the earth.
It is with the assistance of Mephistophilis, the embodiment of his a lot bought power, that Faustus surfeits his sense with carnal pleasures, not coarse delights, nevertheless, but highest and inmost enjoyments. His yearning is for the fairest maid of Germany, for the appeal of Helen that makes man never-ceasing with a kiss. He picks no other song however that of Homer, no music however that shaken from Amphion’s harp. He utilizes sweet enjoyment to conquer deep despair. Faustus’s mind is pleased with the dumb-show of Devils that Mephistophilis provides before him.
Even the repulsive masque of the Seven Deadly Sins attracts and soothes him for the time being. The Excellent Angel alerted Faustus that he would only sustain God’s rage upon his head if he checks out the book of magic. He likewise makes him to consider Paradise. The Evil Angel exhorts him to continue with the famous art of magic and to become the commander of the earth. The interest unclear and healthy ambitions of an aspirant soul represents the natural perfect of the renaissance. We are all praise for his love of life, trust in nature and his interest for charm.
Power, curious understanding, enterprise, wealth and appeal are the attribute of Faustus. Faustus might dispose of and knock God and the Trinity, however he is definitely connected to them mentally. So a guilty conscience dogs him from the beginning to the end. And the heart of Faustus turns out to be the field where the forces of excellent and wicked are trying to overwhelm each other. We can follow this awful conflict and troubled profession of Faustus to its terrible end. In the closing scene of the drama the spiritual dispute of a doomed and dejected soul reaches its climax and then culminates in an overwhelming disaster.
Faustus realises to his utter dismay that he is destined eternal damnation with the least hope for redemption. The poignant soliloquy of Physician Faustus starting prior to an hour of his final doom reveals in a really powerful way the deep agony of a horror-struck soul facing its approaching doom. His eleventh hour frenzied interest the ‘ever-moving spheres of heaven’ to stand still or to the ‘Fair Nature’s eye’ to rise again to make continuous day–‘That Faustus may repent and save his soul’– is definitely of no obtain– “The stars move still, time runs, the clock will strike,
The Devil will come, and Faustus should be damn ‘d.” And when the final hour strikes, there is thunder and lightning and the Devil’s disciples come and nab away the problem torn soul of Faustus to hell to suffer eternal damnation. Faustus is the protagonist and tragic hero of Marlowe’s play. He is an inconsistent character, efficient in significant eloquence and having incredible aspiration, yet vulnerable to an unusual, almost willful blindness and a desire to lose powers that he has acquired at great expense.
When we first satisfy Faustus, he is just preparing to embark on his career as a magician, and while we already anticipate that things will turn out terribly (the Chorus’s introduction, if absolutely nothing else, prepares us), there is however a grandeur to Faustus as he considers all the marvels that his magical powers will produce. He envisions piling up wealth from the 4 corners of the world, improving the map of Europe (both politically and physically), and getting to every scrap of knowledge about deep space.