Everlasting Feminism in Faust
Everlasting Feminism in Faust Goethe concludes his famous literary work Faust by honoring the “everlasting womanly.” Nevertheless, Goethe does not present us with a clear meaning of this term. I think Goethe is saying that male’s struggle for knowledge and knowledge can just be fully attained when he acknowledges and accepts that his soul is androgynous. The soul has a feminine part or counterpart which need to be utilized so that he might be efficiently guided in such a way as to get optimum spiritual and intellectual knowledge.
In my viewpoint, Goethe introduces the specific women in Faust’s life for the purpose of assisting him in his life journey as he pursues, not just knowledge, however more notably, eternal redemption. I will show how female themes and figures, consisting of Gretchen, Helen, Galatea, and the Virgin Mary represent the “eternal womanly” and are utilized by Faust in an attempt to change the womanly side of his soul which he is either uninformed of or continuously attempts to neglect.
At the start of the drama, Faust remains in profound anguish since he has actually stopped working to attain his lifelong objective of overall satisfaction through human omniscience. He even gave up his initial selfless purpose as a medical professional in the mission for total understanding through years of academic research study, but his self-centered aspiration failed. He has suppressed his sensations and is unaware of the womanly side of his soul which deeply yearns to be acknowledged and used. Faust does not understand that he will never ever come closer to fulfillment unless he likewise brings into play his womanly self to offer imagination, love, pureness, and issue for others.
As he will dedicate suicide, he is dropped in the bells ringing and the choir singing from Holy Mother Church. The church is typically alluded to as “the bride of Christ,” and I think she, the very first feminine illustration pointed out, has actually intervened and saved Faust’s life. Regrettably, Faust still declines to listen to the inner yearning of his feminine side, and he turns to Gretchen/Margarete to fill the vacuum within. She represents the pureness and love he longs for. Despite the fact that Faust allows his masculine side to control and selfishly use Margarete, I believe e genuinely likes her. This is apparent when he frantically desires to release her from her prison cell and from death. This “everlasting womanly,” Margarete, has an impact on his soul which we will later on see aid to bring him to redemption. After Margarete’s death, Faust’s spirit is broken due to the part he played in her terrible life. He looks for some sort of redemption, but he fails again as he tries to find fulfillment by forming a marital union with the perfect stereotypical woman, Helen of Troy.
She represents the feminine charm he longs for, but she is only an ideal dream, a spirit whom he conjures up. Helen is not equally yoked to him as a living human being, and he realises that she too can not replace the feminine side of his soul and bring him the supreme fulfillment and satisfaction he desires. Homunculus is an interesting manly animal made from flame, whom, I believe, parallels Faust’s life. Homunculus is disappointed with his incomplete existence, and looks for a human kind, just as Faust is unsatisfied and remains in look for human omniscience.
Homunculus thinks he can just attain humankind by joining with Galatea, an “eternal feminine” water nymph. However in truth, this brings him to his end. Faust tries to find satisfaction by joining with Margarete and Helen, however he is so out of touch with his inner womanly self, that he too stops working. One of the last examples of “eternal womanly” is viewed as Faust approaches death. He longs for redemption and fulfillment which he now recognizes can only be discovered outside the scope of human constraints. Nevertheless, the life he led pursuing knowledge and transcendence was not fruitless.
Even though it was a life of failure and sin, God rewards his sincere effort to prosper. At this point, there is a reunification of the manly and the feminine. Faust is lovingly satisfied by Gretchen and the most ideal of all “everlasting womanly,” Mater Gloriosa who says his spirit might pass on to the greatest world. This is also the time Goethe picks to expose to us that death is when the “everlasting womanly draws us on high.” (Lines 12110-11) Although Faust is called a tragedy, I consider it triumph of the “eternal womanly. At the end of his life, Faust no longer delighted in self-centered ambitions or sensuous desires as the wager pointed. Faust passes away in supreme satisfaction since of a selfless altruistic suitable of a Paradise for humanity which happily inspires him to state, “Oh stay, thou art so reasonable.” (Line 11582) The spirit of Gretchen intercedes for him and her love assists to bring him to redemption. I give credit to all the “eternal womanly” figures in Faust’s life whom helped him along his path to transcendence, knowledge, and to paradise.