Conversation Visual imagery through techniques within text assistance depict themes. Discussion– tool of the author to represent the characters displaying a sense of the theme through their actions, words, responses. Usage as many methods readily available to represent their motifs, function, styles. * Technology vs. Mankind * Galvanism– developed life due to advancement in innovation. Frankenstein beast embraces human qualities. * Replicants– are innovation. Actual fight in between the replicants and the humans * Science vs. Religion * Frankenstein– * Humanity * Classification Pursuit of knowledge * Pushing the limitation and borders to be ‘god-like’ * Creation vs. Damage * Nature vs. Science * Absence of nature * Nature vs. Nurture (human nature) * Relationships * Friendship (creature) * Liberal arts desire to be in relationships * Isolation since he is pursuing relationships * [Victor and tyrell are both separated because of their obsession] * Morality * Want vs. Need * Are we the method we are because of the genetic makeup or as an effect of things that have actually occurred in our lives. Themes * Alienation and isolation * Faust Idea that humankind has a quest to conquer (discover, control) and will do it at the cost of our humankind. * Conquering, unknowing what the ramifications will be. * The reader is placed to see victor favour his own aspiration. Above friendship and family. * Frankenstein, as an outcome of alienation and solitude, establishes and builds on isolation as an effect of Frankenstein’s search and drive to dominate all. * Frankenstein analytical nature displays his moral and physical corruption due to the fact that he is unable to balance his intellectual and social parts of life.
As a result, his relatipnships are damaged by himself or the consequence of his desires (animal). * Ingolstadt immersed in his objective and cuts himself from whatever that is morally essential * Family * Friends * Father * Elizabeth * Household represented as peaks of … love, support etc. Frankenstein does not have these qualities * Seclusion leads to misery Frankenstein’s solitude wasn’t for self-gratification. * Victor’s inquisitiveness results in his emotional and physical peril. Shelley– this pursuit of science and knowledge when driven by hubris cuts off those things of value to a private and a society and as a whole. She is subsiding us that the new science and the aiming to accomplish will make us leave those things that are of value and worth to us. * Description of victor’s parents, siblings and buddies remains in direct contrast to the qualities displayed by victor in his obsessive drive to develop the animal. * Opening letter (victor and Walton) both from nurturing environments that think about the well-being of their liked ones.
Yet both men deserted those qualities in their missions. [Walton– puts his guys at danger] * Seclusion the animal experiences. * Paradox– victor and Walton attain seclusion in their mission where as when the animal find what it indicates to belong and the human qualities which he seeks which victor has actually lost. * Victor- becomes more isolated * Animal- result of victors quest and discovers his requirement to belong * Victor and Walton are prepared to push the boundaries and sacrifice things of value and morality. * Shelley– is it worth it?
Pursuing the ‘quest’ we compromise morality and our humankind. In the search to reproduce humanity, we lose mankind. * Shelley’s caution. Why do we keep doing it? It is continued in modern society to feed the interest– humanity. * Losing sight of what is right since when the extraordinary ends up being the normal we lose sight of the ramifications. [this generation knows nothing else] * Nature vs. Nurture * Nature: what we end up being. * Nurture: what we are * The style of nurturing (or how environment contributes to a person’s character) appears throughout Frankenstein. Victors do not have of adult nurturing for his ‘creature’ which is a symptom of the obligation of the creator * When God developed life, he was accountable for that life. * Hubris, desire, persistence that result in the downfall and the death. Victor, tyrell and so on * Caroline nurtures Elizabeth * Clerval supports victor back to health * DeLacy’s nurturing home life permitted the animal to experience a sense of nurture that was denied by victor. He returns the love (firewood) and discovered what it meant and what the ramifications were.
Showing social justice and reflecting aspects of society * Each act of nurture remains in contrast to victor. Because victors obligation as a creator is to care and nurture for his creation; unconditional love. * The love is revealed between Caroline and Elizabeth and Justine is an extension of genuine love as they are adopted daughters but are still looked after (no need for biological ties) * Determinism. * Shelley- we can conquer our basic impulses * Fundamental impulse– to be BAD, MEAN, UGLY. Our basic nature is base. Through supporting from morality we become better creations/people, we end up being satisfied. Appearance vs. Truth * In Frankenstein, charm is considered a virtue of the good, while deformity and ugliness are automatically related to evil. Due to the fact that of this stigma, the monster’s external defects prevent him from acquiring approval into a social sphere– although he has plenty of compassion and goodness on the within. Even the beast’s efforts to befriend a blind guy fail since social preconception against ugliness is so deeply rooted here. This dichotomy of charm and ugliness as related to great and wicked comes from the book’s Romantic impacts. The appearance prevents on their reality * Victor’s inquisitiveness triggers him to delve beyond the appearances of acceptable science, the appearance of acceptable values and morality * Triggers victor to create an inanimate item from inanimate materials * Adam and eve’s initial sin ‘seeking what wasn’t theirs to sin’ * Our initial sin; gain access to doing not have neighborhood spirit; greed $$; lose sight of reality * Victor’s initial sin lack of control; seeking love; hubris; refusal/inability to extend asking sensibility to the care of the creature. The creature’s physical look/ abomination triggers victor to get away. He abdicated his duty, responsibility as creator. * Victor never ever makes the effort to ‘understand’ or empathise with the animal * Ugliness that victor saw in the animal was victors abhorrence in his own ugliness * Victor never ever understands or sees the human virtues that the animal has * ‘Don’t judge a book by its cover’ The creature was the ideal creation nevertheless, victor was blinded to the reality, perfection and proficiency of his development since of its look * Victor manipulates natural law to suit his own intellectual interest, but does not have the basic understanding of humanity * Shelley juxtaposes the creatures abhorrence, ugliness with the look of nature throughout the unique * Shelley is a product of her culture * Nature was glorified in romanticism * Victor nevertheless avoids the beauty of nature in his aiming to be successful and stand out. When Clerval nurses him back to health we have attention being aid to the mountains and the healing of nature becomes more apparent * Victor in the arctic- surreal lunar, unnatural appearance. * The unified interaction between nature and society, explaining “wild and enthusiastic creativity which is chastened by the sensibility of his heart.” * Victor lacks perceptiveness, shown in the arctic Walton’s procedure is being … by nature and ceases the mission gives in. Victor cant, does not, is unable to because of his sense of hubris. * Like Clerval Walton experiences life by engaging harmoniously with nature and people … ot the case for Victor * Responsibility vs. Obligation * one originates from the other * Victor took neither his responsibility nor duty for his creation seriously. * Because of appearance, victor discarded all his obligation as a ‘daddy’ figure. * ‘parental figure’ obligation gotten rid of * His failure to know his animal due to his unwillingness to understand his animal (hubris) revealing lack of creator and parental duty * Juxtaposed with Victor’s own life home life, love, moral training however was unable to do it himself * Familial responsibilities Caroline nurses Elizabeth. Positions responder to feel considerate towards the creature and for the first time we end up being like DeLacey * DeLacey is blinded of the bias of humankind to the creature and recognises the success of his creation and isn’t blinded by the look * By being blinded by appearance, victor abdicates his responsibility and obligation to the animal * When Gloucester was blinded, he was able to see the reality * Victor’s dismissal of his adult duty makes the reader sympathise and empathise with the creature * Victor remonstrates “how dare you sport thus with life.
Do your responsibility towards me and i will do mine towards you and the rest of humanity” animal comparing himself to Adam and victor to God. * Justice and injustice * Welcomed by Shelley as readers to evaluate victor This is done by showing victor neglects his duties to the creature, while everybody else accepts their duties, he is put up to be evaluated (being placed as responders) * Shelley establishes problems of fairness and blame much like in life, regardless of era, characters who normally take duty for their own are thought about fair and simply * Elizabeth pleads for Justine’s cause, after she is accused of William’s murder victor does not come forth and accept obligation of what he understands actually happened * At the trial, Elizabeth claims, ‘I thought you righteous till i heard you yourself … our guilt.’ But when that was Justine’s only method to receive absolution from the church, Elizabeth accepts this and will declare. * She was prepared to compromise herself * Making confessions, listening to others and providing spoken promises all represent the highest reality in this novel. Justice just accomplished when individuals listen and understand * Other than for victor, every character listens to each other * Mr Kirwin listening to victor, the animal listening to the DeLacies, Felix listening to Safie’s dad, Margaret listening to Walton, Walton listening to victor.
Victor listens to nobody * links permits characters and us to compare what’s reasonable and unfair and what’s simply and unfair * when Victor refuses to listen to the creature, it reveals elements about Victor played God, but he likewise played judge and jury as he declined to listen and accept * Prohibited understanding * Victor and Walton seek to get knowledge of the prohibited * Metaphor; representation of humankind’s limitations * Limitations of discovery, science. Shelley represents the crossing of moral limits * Creature/creation; something of value and worth.
Frankenstein’s animal brings abhorrence and ugliness * Shelley’s representation was expect to be a lovely, wonderful creation. The representation is the abhorrence, ugliness and artificiality of it * Scott’s representation opening scenes reveal abhorrent views of society and its ugliness. Contrasting between the creature and this hated world * Shelley feared that strides in industrialisation were inhuman– as displayed in Victor * There was just some things that we are not meant to do * The horrid advances of industrialisation Scott trees into furnace– sacrifice of nature for the development of this brand-new age. damage of nature * Victor’s pursuit of a way to develop life in the end only destroys lives including his and his creatures * Metaphorically the result of his experiments is all a part of him endeavouring to end the damage that he himself produced. (irony, paradox) * No one to blame but himself he breached the borders of what mankind requires to understand. * Tyrell breached the boundaries of what humanity needs to do/know * When breached the actions can not be reversed * Only consequence is catastrophe Walton takes a comparable journey, but is able to draw back and listen * Surveys the ice around his ship and sees his upcoming doom * Victors fixation stops him from seeing this approaching doom * Able to gain from the experience of others and draw back * Both guys wish to be explorers effect = heart pains and despair * Shelley uses Walton as a ‘frame narrator’ through his eyes the audience is placed to see that the real monster is Victor * The monster since of his relentless pursuit that stretched human understanding even more than is needed an additional then it is indicated to go * Moral; just because we can, doesn’t indicate we need to (key connector; fact of humanity) * The unchecked pursuit of understanding can only, will just, does just end in misery * Science vs. Nature * Victor Frankenstein=”science gone mad!” Romantic period- emphasis on nature over human creation * Nature and the reality being captured up in humankind and science * Religious beliefs seen as the basis in which society gets their responses * Aspects of society atimate that the only method forward was through clinical improvements * ‘Just because the science can, does not imply the science should.’ * Shelley informing a tale of warning/Scott informing us an ethical principle of effects and implications * Frankenstein expresses issues and worries * Blade runner shows the consequence of the fears. ‘Armageddon’ destruction, completion of humankind, nature, civilisation * Victor represents test tubes over sonnets, science over imagery. * Creature represents the results of this science * Creature is amoral, not immoral Whilst the creature is dangerous, the audience never ever sees him as ‘bad’ * Does not fit into the natural order regardless of his best shots Shelley’s way of caution or notifying that the brand-new industrialisation does not harmonize nature * The creature damages innocent life, moral/upstanding life, destroys ‘the excellent ol’ days’, * The new science will destroy the values, morals, ethics of the previous * What Shelley was cautioning us of, Scott reveals us the consequences of overlooking the warning * Shelley warned of the inability of the brand-new to marry in with the existing * Scott shows the new will entirely ruin and ruin * Shelley’s ridicule for the new science triggers responder to think about comparable problems in our own lives * Individual level * Communal/ social level * Is there such a thing as natural balance? What take place when science disturbs this? * Problems have gone beyond time * Surrogacy * Genetically customized * Not all bad, but finding the limitations. What is victor running from? * The repercussions of his creation * His relationship with the creature * Fearful of the destruction of mankind if the development establishes * Victor fearful of what the animal will become. * What the creature will expose, show to humankind Tyrell fearful of what the replicants are ending up being/ have become Blade runner; mankind has ended up being the redundant species. * What we have actually created has more than run and destroyed humankind * “as if i can pay for a real snake” the natural has become the rarity and the costly and supplanted/replaced by the synthetic. * Neon lighting whatever is surrounded by this fakeness Last chapter; no humanity Next chapter; replicants making people * Both texts have textual stability how well a text conveys a meaning realistically and believably * As an outcome they have actually a boosted poignancy (significant and insightful) they have a credibility to their stories