Moral Guideline in the Crucible
Sydney Levy IB Prospect # 000536-XXX HL English: World Literature Task 21 Might 2013 Moral Instruction in The Crucible The world-famous and extremely prominent play, The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, was composed in an effort to make the public familiar with among the most dreadful chapters in history, and the objective of the author was to use the characters and occasions as an automobile to communicate the moral lessons that ought to be gained from these examples of problematic human habits. Different styles and themes that show important morals are checked out thoroughly throughout the play.
The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, is indeed considered an excellent piece of literary art and does undoubtedly provide ethical direction through the author’s usage of the styles and themes of reputation, intolerance, and the seduction of power. Track record is greatly essential to residents and individuals in positions of authority in Salem, a theocratic society where public and private moralities are one and the very same. Concentrated on preserving public credibility, the townsfolk of Salem need to fear that the sins of their partners and associates will taint their names, and the fear of guilt by association ends up being particularly typical.
There are different characters that base their actions on the desire to safeguard their delicate reputations. As the play begins, Reverend Parris ends up being worried that his niece Abigail’s increasingly doubtful actions, and the hints of witchcraft surrounding his child’s coma, will threaten his credibility as an excellent minister and require him from the pulpit. In Act I, Parris states, “I hope you jump not to witchcraft … They will howl me out of Salem for such corruption in my house …” (Miller 13).
He does not want people to associate him, a priest, with any form of witchcraft, since in that society they associate practices of witchcraft with the Devil. Meanwhile, John Proctor, the lead character, likewise seeks to keep his good name by not affirming against Abigail in order to hide his improper actions that he has actually dedicated. However, towards the end of the play, Proctor’s desire to maintain his track record leads him to make the brave option not to make an incorrect confession and to go to his death without signing his name to an untrue declaration. “Because it is my name!
Because I can not have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies! Since I am unworthy the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without my name? I have actually provided you my soul; leave me my name!” (Miller 133). Procter cries desperately to Danforth in Act IV. Proctor redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity by refusing to relinquish his name. Also, Abigail attempts to deflect the blame of witchcraft on herself by implicating others and cooking up grandiose and impractical lies in order to safeguard her credibility.
In Act I, Abigail expresses her jealousy of Elizabeth, which fuels her accusations, “She is blackening my name in the village! She is informing lies about me! She is a cold, sniveling woman, and you bend to her!” (Miller 22). In this passage we can see the desperation of Abigail to protect her own reputation by putting others down. The desire to preserve one’s reputation can grow really strong and often subdue good judgment. It is very important to note the cases in which track record is provided a greater in top priority than what is ethically right, and we can see that this has unfavorable effects the majority of the time.
In the theocratic society in which The Crucible is set, the church and the state are basically one entity and the religious beliefs is a stringent type of Protestantism called Puritanism. Sin and status of a person’s soul are matters of public concern, and there is absolutely no space for even the smallest discrepancy from social standards, given that any individual whose personal life does not comply with the established ethical laws represents a risk not just to the general public good but likewise to the rule of God and real faith. In Salem, there is really little tolerance, and everything and everybody belongs to either God or the Devil.
This dichotomy operates as the standard underlying logic behind the witch trials. Reverend Hale mentions in regard to the witch trials, “We can not seek to superstitious notion in this. The Devil is exact.” (Miller 31). He says this since he is attempting to interact his religious views and is applying his viewpoint on others, whether it is really precise or not. As Danforth says in Act III, “However you need to comprehend, sir, that an individual is either with this court or he should be counted versus it, there be no roadway in between. This is a sharp time, now, an accurate time– we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when wicked combined itself with good and efuddled the world. Now, by God’s grace, the shining sun is up, and them that worry not light will definitely praise it.” (Miller 87). This declaration precisely sums up the attitude of the authorities towards the witch trials. In his own right, Danforth is undoubtedly a respectable guy, but, like everybody else in Salem, he sees the world in black and white. Considering that the court is conducting the witch trials, anybody who questions the trials, such as Proctor or Giles Corey, is the court’s enemy. From that point, the reasoning is simple: the court does God’s work, so an enemy of the court must, always, be a servant of the Devil.
Parris, being a preacher, likewise expresses his prejudice towards anyone who is not of his Christian faith, as he states, “All innocent and Christian individuals more than happy for the courts in Salem!” (Miller 87). This naturally highlights the extreme intolerance of their society, and we should learn from the serious errors and rash choices made in their society and end up being more tolerant and accepting in our contemporary society. The seduction of power is an extremely prominent style that emerges throughout the play through numerous various characters.
The witch trials empower a number of characters in the play that are typically very powerless in the Puritan society of Salem. In general, females inhabit the most affordable sounded of a male-dominated Salem and have very couple of career alternatives in life. They work as servants for townsmen till they are old enough to be wed off and have children of their own. Abigail is not just restricted by the preceding guidelines of society, however she is also a servant to her relationship with John Proctor, who removes away her innocence when he devotes infidelity with her, and therefore arouses her spiteful jealousy when he terminates their affair.
This intense envy that Abigail possesses grows to be a growing number of extreme and fuels her intentions for beginning her accusations of others practicing witchcraft. Being associated with such a huge to-do as a court trial was an opportunity for Abigail to get much more attention than she typically does, as she was formerly rather disregarded, and it likewise provided her the power to make strong accusations in front of a jury who listened to what she was stating and valued it to a specific degree. Abigail truly takes advantage of this chance for her to get attention as we can see from this quote in Act III, “I have actually been hurt, Mr.
Danforth; I have seen my blood runnin’ out! I have been near to murdered every day because I done my task explaining the Devil’s individuals– and this is my reward? To me mistrusted, denied, questioned like a–” (Miller 100). Abigail is plainly abusing the power she has in this scenario and benefiting from this possibility to overemphasize the scenario as much as possible. By attempting to align herself, in the eyes of others, with God’s will, she gets power over society, as do other women in her group, and their world ends up being virtually undisputable.
Tituba, whose status is lower than that of anyone else in the play by virtue of the truth that she is of a totally different ethnic background, manages likewise to deflect blame from herself by accusing others. “Mister Reverend, I do think somebody else be witchin’ with these kids.” (Miller 42). Mr. Putnam is yet another citizen of Salem who is seeking power, as he exploits the witch trials, hoping that he will get land from all of the implicated households. “Mr. Parris, I have taken your part in all contention here, and I would continue; however I can not if you hold back in this.
There are painful, cruel spirits layin’ hands on these children.” (Miller 15) Where there is a lack of power, the desire for power grows stronger, and in some cases when power is given to individuals who don’t normally have power, those people have the tendency to abuse the power. In conclusion, author Arthur Miller has developed this literary masterpiece that has exposed among the most terrible occasions in human history in an effort to let future generations learn from the mistakes that were made in the time duration of the Salem witch trials.
Throughout The Crucible, many themes and motifs are interacted, and these lessons inevitably and essentially provide important ethical instruction. The occasions that the author illustrated in his classic drama will continue to teach the audience about this chapter in the past, and ideally through the spread of this play and the knowing of essential morals and lessons in it, this part of history will not duplicate itself. 1,561 words Functions Cited Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York City, NY: Penguin, 1996. Print.