Negative Self-Image Orientalism Reading in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Negative Selflmage: Orientalism Reading in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Frankenstein is one of popular science-fiction in the early 19th century. A novel composed by Mary Shelley, she is begun writing the story when she was eighteen, and the novel was released when she was twenty-one. The first edition was released anonymously in London in 1818, ShelleVs name appears on the second edition, released in France in 1823. A novel is about Victor Frankenstein who try his an uncommon clinical experiment.
From his experiment, making a massive animal that shortly afterwards he fears and he dislikes. Because of the appearance of this being is scary so then Frankenstein’s monster become rejected by Frankenstein his selt and the people. When the monster travel to find a location and individuals that can accept him the method he is. read this Story especially on Frankenstein’s beast viewpoint, saw there is subjective view on East on characters Safie and her daddy (Arabian).
So I’ll choose to analyze it by Postcolonial approach: Orientalism. According to Tyson, as a domain within literary studies, post-colonial criticism is both a subject as theoretical ramework (Tyson, pg 418) So that primary presumptions of postcolonial theory is using an order to examine and understand more deeply about the oppression Of humans the exact same With Other theories such as feminism, marxism. The studies was marked by appearance of the book Orientalism by Edward Said in 1978.
Orientalism by Edward Said is a canonical text of cultural research studies in which he has challenged the principle of orientalism or the difference in between east and west (Khalid 2011, wuuw_renaissancexom) Stated argues that Orientalism can be found in existing Western depictions of “Arab” cultures as irrational, menacing, ntrustworthy, deceitful, anti-Western and most significantly prototypical. Orientals discourse talk about and criticize that East is something more inferior than West.
The West spread their ideology about East widely through media, discipline, law, technology, and so on to that they transcend that the East _ European (colonizer) teach continually rheir cultural worth to the colonized individuals that they thinks about colonized individuals have no culture, In addition, there also in some literature is Frequently concerned With colonialization and imperialism. “Orientalism marshalling texts which, while their kind. ontent, goals. enre, and disciplining origins may be commonly divergent, still deal with negative, stereotyped or unexamined”. (Childs and Williams “post-colonial theory”, pg I IS) In Shellfs Frankenstein, although she offend the in briefly period through character Safie and her father. believe it can be caused large impact for the reader When recognize about Eastern culture is so primitive and vicious. Sane describe as a passive Arabian females. who clearly dependent on her religious beliefs and the culture of her nation.
In the ‘third-world”, feminist ideology is shown less to the oman because that is subordinated by patriarchal system which is ingrained in their culture and power in their nation. Can be seen the difference in between safie and European neighborhood, when she was associated with much pressure from patriarchal system (her dad) and system in her society (Arab gut Satie’s action show that she does not like her household tradition and religious beliefs of her time. political, cultural, and Arabian faith shaping her mind progressively ro focus on the domestic ideology of the European.
When the beast tell the story about Sane’s mother is a Christian Arab who were taken as a slave by he Turkish because of her beautiful Safiés father marry her. She teach Safie about compassion of being Christianity and prohibited Safie to follow Muhammad’s idea _ We can see in this sentence ‘She instructed her child in the tenets of her faith, and taught her to desire higher powers of intelligence, and an independence Of spirit, forbidden to the woman to followers Of Mohamet. page 121) My viewpoint about this declaration is plainly seen that unfavorable image or a stereotyped of Muhammad’s believed as primitive mentor and numerous injustice to the female. [e-mail protected] love to Felix is also a sign that Safie currently has been in love to another culture and faith We can see in Frankenstein page 127 The possibility of weding Christian and staying in a country where women are permitted to take a rank in society, was bewitching her”. This is the implication of cultural colonialization which is the colonizer thought about colonized has nor. the high uncivilized like them.
And also, Safie’s daddy referred to as a cruel Arabian man through his action that are untrustworthy, unethical, and anti- Westerm Associated with the viewpoint of Said” One would tind type of procedure ess objectionable as a political propaganda which is what it is, naturally were it not accompanied by sermons on the neutrality, the fairness, the impartiality of real historian, the implication always being that Muslims and Arabs can not be objective but that Orientalists … ‘. In Beast’s viewpoint, Safie’s dad become the cause of the mess up of Oe Lacey s family life.
There also subjective view about Turkish man that they are bad 14) Begin from Felix is falling for Satie, and her daddy was caged due to the fact that of his fault to the France government. Then Felix come to save dad of Sane in order to marry Satie, since Safie’s daddy already guarantee to Felix to wed off Safie and Felix. gut actually daddy of Safie does not enable that his child live together with Felix. So that when Felix save his life, he make a strategy to take his daughter to come back to their natiue country.
We can see in ‘The Turks allowed this intimacy to take place and motivated the hopes of the younger lovers [„. l he hated the idea that his daughter must be joined to a Christian: if he must choose to betray him to the Italian state which they inhabited. Prankenstein, pg 128) The monster, it’s self likewise a sign of colonized individuals. Said explains “how the science of the orientalism developed and how the orientals began considering the orientals as nan-human beings” (Khalid,2011 wnm. enaissancccom) believe when the beast is turned down from Victor and other individuals (colonizer) due to the fact that his scary body and face, various from other (colonized), its implied colonizer refuse that non-western include into people. Initially, the beast born with no education and culture, also think that it is the space that was developed, hich is the colonized were barbarians who had no civilization, does not have system of govemment, religion, and custom-mades Therefore the monster studying language from France household. nd likewise checking out book from white people, this is the indicated meaning of colonizer had high civilization. A quick conclusion, orientalist were been available in 19th by Edward Said, and he also argues that Orientalism is a critics to turn down rhe long custom about the Western is more superior than the Eastern, In Frankenstein composed hy Mary Shelley, there some orientalist problems that appear in. he “concept of othering” and negative self-image of the Western way of thinking of Eastern which put Eastern as an item.
It can be seen on characters Safie, daddy of Safie, and the symbolic one is the Beast. Recommendations: Lois. Tyson, Critical Theory Today. New York: 1999 Childs, Peter & & Williams. Patrick. “An Intro to PostCoIoniaI Theory”. Prentice Hall: 1997 Marliza, Yeni. “Module TOL; Postcolonial Criticism (Orientalism and HybridityYI 2012 Khalid, Haroon. An Introduction to Edward Said’s Orientalism. 2011 ram. Wikipedia. com. Accessed on May 18, 2012.