Relationship between Dr. Faustus and Mephastopheles
Relationship in between Faustus and Mephastophilis Compiled by- Aaisha Bagban University of Pune, India The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus is a play in which the protagonist Dr. Faustus who is an exceptional scholar from Wittenberg, Germany sells his soul to the Devil for power and understanding. In the end, his curiosity for understanding and his greed for wealth and power resulted in his downfall. Faustus summons Mephastophilis to acquire authority over him but, rather falls prey to temptation and sways from his course to achieve success. Throughout the play, we see Mephastophilis appealing and controling Dr.
Faustus. It is his job to keep doing this in order to keep Dr. Faustus from changing his mind and going back to repenting for his sins. He is selfish and he desires Faustus’s soul. Faustus attempts to conjure up the devil by dedicating blasphemy. Mephastophilis– The Devil appears, however Faustus is unable to tolerate the hideous looks of the devil and commands him to alter his look. He jokingly suggests a ‘Franciscan Friar’. The devil leaves, and Faustus marvels at how loyal he is. Faustus swells up with pride and calls himself ‘The Magician Laureate’. His arrogance takes control of and he feels hat he can command Mephastophilis. When Mephastophilis returns he asks Faustus that– ‘What wouldst thou have me do?’ In this way he permits Faustus to think that he has power over him. Faustus then asks Mephastophilis to serve him and do as he says. He tries to bind Mephastophilis to his service however is unable to do so, as Mephastophilis currently serves Lucifer- The Prince of Devils. Mephastophilis is wise and makes the most of the reality that Faustus wants and needs him in order to advance his own colonist concepts of ending up being the ‘terrific emperor of the world’. Mephastophilis’ job is to collect damned souls.
But he likewise acts like a good friend to Faustus by alerting him about damnation– ‘Oh Faustus, Leave these unimportant demands’. He does not want Faustus to be deprived of ‘long lasting bliss’. He may be alerting Faustus just to ensure if Faustus will really go through with surrendering his soul to Lucifer, or he might truly be saying this to conserve him from everlasting damnation. His motives appear uncertain in the play. On one hand, his goal is to get Faustus’ soul and on the other hand, he attempts to dissuade the doctor from negotiating with Lucifer. Dr. Faustus acts very chivalric towards Mephastophilis.
He might also be trying to flatter Mephastophilis to attain all materialistic enjoyments. ‘Had I as many souls as there be stars, I ‘d provide all for Mephastophilis.’ His scenarios seem to be grim in these lines. He is in love with his desire. His deception becomes visible when he thinks that the Emperor will be under his command and that he will make Africa and Europe one continent. As the play continues, we see Faustus’s character weakening. The guy who was once an incredibly confident intellectual becomes a groveling, self-pitying servant absolutely doing not have confidence.
Faustus feels insecure in the absence of his good friend– Mephastophilis. Like they state– ‘Torment enjoys company’. His mind lingers towards the thoughts of repentance and worries eternal damnation. He thinks about God and wonders if he will ever be forgiven for his sins. However due to the fact that he has actually accepted the fact that he has actually handed out his soul to Lucifer he is already damned and can never ever get God’s forgiveness. Faustus likewise believes that God thinks in justice and he will send him to hell anyway for the sins he has currently dedicated. What’s fascinating is that each time his mind gets diverted owards God, Mephastophilis appears and utilizes temptation and fear to persuade Faustus to pursue the dark arts. Scene IV is a reflection of the previous scene, Wagner is a parody of Mephastophilis. He teases the clown’s poverty and attempts to bind him as his servant just like Faustus tried to do to Mephastophilis. The functions are reversed when the clown gets tempted by Wagner and asks ‘If I should serve you, would you teach me to raise up Banios and Belcheos?’ and the clown replies- ‘I will teach thee to turn thyself to anything, to a pet, or a cat, or a mouse, or a rat, or anything.’ Here he ses the exact same technique as Mephastophilis to lure the clown with pointless things instead of more substantial ones. The response of the clown is also worth taking down as he likewise gets brought away and states he would rather be a ‘frisking flea’ than anything else. This scene is considerable because it resembles what has actually occurred prior to in the play. It also sheds light on the relationship of Dr. Faustus and Mephastophilis by offering some comic relief to the readers. The relationship between Dr. Faustus and Mephastophilis goes through lots of ups and downs. As the play advances, we witness lots of indications of Homoeroticism.
However, the sense of homoeroticism that exists between these 2 is not sexual. It has more elements of faith, loyalty, dedication and love. There are many circumstances of homo-eroticism in the play. Like when Faustus addresses Mephastophilis as ‘Sweet Mephastophilis’,’ My Mephastophilis’, similar to he had stated previously– ‘Had I as numerous souls as there be stars, I ‘d give them all for Mephastophilis’. Even as Faustus will cut his arm to compose the deed with his blood, he says– ‘Lo Mephastophilis, for the love of thee I cut mine arm’. Faustus has lost his power to factor with himself and counts on the devil o serve him, He puts ultimate faith in the Devil to support him and make him feel invincible– ‘When Mephastophilis shall wait me, What God can harm thee, Faustus? Thou art safe’ Mephastophilis is shrewd and scrupulous. It is ironic that Faustus feels safe and secure in the existence of the devil but hesitates of God and repenting for his sins. This likewise shows that Mephastophilis has a particular kind of impact over Faustus. Mephastophilis likewise conveys the exact same belief of homo-eroticism back to Faustus by stating ‘If thou lovest me’. There is likewise a sense of dedication here like a servant has for his master.
Lucifer too refers to Beelzebub as his dame, which is another instance of homo eroticism. There is a strange sort of relationship between Faustus and Mephastophilis. When Faustus provides the agreement by offering his soul to the devil, He tells Mephastophilis- ‘Here Mephastophilis get this scroll, A deed of present of body and soul: However yet conditionally that thou carry out All posts prescrib ‘d between us both.’ Despite the truth that Mephastophilis plainly does not perform all the prescribed articles, Faustus never reminds him of these conditions, or seeks to nullify the agreement. Although it is specified in the contract that Mephastophilis shall provide for him, and bring him whatsoever,’ Faustus’ very first request (for a better half) is denied. Yet he never thinks about utilizing this denial as grounds for preserving that the agreement is space. Faustus requests for knowledge are similarly denied or inadequately satisfied. He does not see the possible loophole inadequacy in the insufficiency of Mephastophilis’ answers to huge concerns, although he remarks in frustration- ‘These slim concerns Wagner can choose.’ Here Mephastophilis is indirectly attempting to be disobedient by wisely providing responses which Faustus currently understands.
Mephastophilis functions as a trickster and utilizes flattery and temptation to sidetrack Faustus from asking considerable questions, the answers of which, will make him lament and condemn necromancy. For example- In Scene V, when he is pondering his choice while composing the deed, Mephastophilis and the other devils bring crowns and abundant clothing to Faustus. They dance and place on a show in front of Faustus to delight him. Mephastophilis flatters Dr. Faustus by guaranteeing him that he can ‘do greater things’. Faustus gets this high, when he is with Mephastophilis, he seems like he is invincible.
Mephastophilis is also like Faustus’s instructor. He hands him books of black magic, astrology, plants and herbs to keep him sidetracked from asking numerous questions about paradise and hell. Mephastophilis can also be deemed Faustus’s assistant in his mission for self-knowledge. Mephastophilis is Faustus’s partner in criminal offense, they travel to Rome together. Faustus wants to travel and see Rome but Mephastophilis encourages him to take part in holy Peter’s Banquet and trouble the friars. Faustus likewise consents to play tricks on the Pope and the friars. Mephastophilis arranges for them to go to the Pope’s personal chamber.
He puts a robe on Faustus and makes him undetectable. The Pope and a group of Friars enter. Faustus plays techniques on them by nabbing plates and cups from them. Lastly, he boxes the pope on the ear. The Friars start to sing a dirge to eliminate today fiend, Mephastophilis and Faustus beat the friars and release some fireworks among them. The next scene is once again a reflection on the previous one as Rafe and Robin too play techniques on the Vintner much like Faustus and Mephastophilis. Faustus then goes on to attain achievement by flaunting his skills to the Emperor and the Duke by bringing the spirits of Alexander the excellent and is admirer. With the help of Mephastophilis he brings grapes for the Duchess in the winter. Here the function of Mephastophilis is nothing but playing the function of an assistant to Faustus. He stays invisible and serves Faustus. Faustus is too proud and teaches the Knight a lesson for making the Emperor doubt his skills by putting a set of horns on him. He then removes it on the request of the Emperor. This pride that is shown through Faustus’s actions could be the outcome of his power and the fact that Mephastophilis acts like his foundation and helps him to perform all these tricks on individuals.
Faustus continues to show his abilities. With the assistance of Mephastophilis he gets Helen of Greece to appear before the scholars. However none of these magic techniques make him happy. After talking to the Old Male make he begins to consider over his sins and attempts to dedicate suicide. Mephastophilis right away hands him a dagger to stab himself. He is self-centered he desires Faustus to die rapidly so he can bring his soul to hell. Simply when Faustus will repent for his sins, Mephastophilis appears and calls him a traitor. Just like Faustus, Mephastophilis is greedy too. His greed is for Faustus’ soul.
There is a sense of accessory we see here due to the fact that the devil calls Faustus a Traitor and threatens to jail his soul. He uses loyalty and the vow that Faustus had actually made to Lucifer as a weapon to tempt him back to the devil. Faustus is extremely scared that the devil and his allies will tear him into pieces. Even though Faustus addresses Mephastophilis as a servant yet paradoxically, the servant has more power and influence over the master than the other method around. After Faustus re-writes his deed to Lucifer, he asks Mephastophilis to bring Helen again to keep him from getting sidetracked. Faustus and
Mephastophilis both require one another to reach their goals. Ultimately, Faustus’s defiant blasphemous choice of black magic causes his terrible end. The devils concern declare his soul and take him away much prior to his twenty four years contract is expired. His dreadfulness and despair shows that his end would have been awful. Lured by the materialistic things, the world needs to provide, and the advantages he thinks hell can bestow, Faustus makes the deal with the devil, without considering the payment. He overlooks Mephastophilis’s meaning of hell. He stops working to see the other side of the coin, hence he denies its xistence. He lives in this rejection and continuously falls prey to the temptation offered by Mephastophilis. He conjures Mephastophilis to command him and make him do as he states but rather winds up trusting him and putting ultimate faith in the treacherous devil. Mephastophilis controls Faustus, plays the role of a good friend, a trickster and a servant. He threatens Faustus whenever he attempts to repent for his sins. Both of them count on one another for power and authority. More than a good friend and a trickster, Mephastophilis is Faustus’s accomplice. Mephastophilis s meticulous and keeps distracting Faustus so that he does not explain the loopholes in Mephastophilis’s contract. He contrives to get Faustus’ soul at any expense. The alliance between Faustus and Mephastophilis makes the doctor childish, thoughtless and vindictive and makes Mephastophilis more effective. One’s loss becomes another’s gain. THE END __________________________________________________________ BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. http://www. jstor. org/ MYTH, PSYCHOLOGY, AND MARLOWE’S PHYSICIAN FAUSTUS Date- 23/9/2014 Time: 3. 30pm 2. http://www. jstor. org/ ‘More Than Thou Hast Wit to Ask’: Marlowe’s Faustus as Numskull y L. T. FITZ Date: 23/9/2014 Time: 4. 00 pm 3. http://www. sparknotes. com/lit/doctorfaustus/ canalysis. html Date– 24/9/2014 Time: 6. 00pm 3. http://www. sparknotes. com/lit/doctorfaustus/ summary. html Date– 25/9/2014 Time: 10pm 4. http://www. penguin. com/static/pdf/ teachersguides/faustus. pdf Date- 25/9/2014 Time: 10pm 5. http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Doctor _ Faustus _(play) Date- 26/9/2014 Time: 12. 00pm 6. http://www. jstor. org/ MARLOWE AND GOD: THE TERRIBLE FAITH OF DR. FAUSTUS BY ROBERT ORNSTEIN Date- 23/9/2014 Time: 5. 00pm