Symbolism of Pigs in Animal Farm
Rose Oliva Mrs. Acevedo English 011 15 May 2007 Importance of Pigs in Animal Farm In Orwell’s Animal Farm, the animals revolt versus the cruel human leaders and established a better technique of farm management where all animals are equal. As time passes, the new leaders end up being greedy and corrupt, and the other animals understand conditions are just as unpleasant as in the past. There is a major connection between Animal Farm and Russian communism. The pigs are one of the most significant of these connections, representing the communist rulers of Russia, like Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky.
Their traits, personalities, and actions are similar to the real males in power. In the novel Animal Farm, the pigs represent the communist leaders of Russia in the early 1900s. Old Major, the creator of animalism, represents both the original revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin, and the founder of communism, Karl Marx. Like these Russians, Old Major wants all individuals to be equivalent. Old Major is symbolic of Marx since, like Marx, he has a dream about the revolution. He says, “‘That is my message for you, pals: Rebellion!?
And amongst us animals let there be perfect unity, ideal comradeship, in the struggle. All guys are opponents. All animals are pals'” (Orwell 4). Likewise, neither of the two live to see the revolution executed (“Animal” 1). Old Major is likewise symbolic of Lenin due to the fact that while he presents the idea of a transformation, Lenin presents the New Economy Strategy to Russia (Urban 1). Animals see Old Major’s skull prior to meetings since he influenced them to revolt; similarly, individuals of Russia view Lenin’s glass coffin because he originally led them to topple the czars’ reign.
In addition, Napoleon, the callous leader of Animal Farm, is symbolic of communist Joseph Stalin. Both characters can be described as “cruel, corrupt, and self-centered” (“Animal” 1). Napoleon rids himself of Snowball and takes control, and Stalin removes Trotsky and names himself “political heir” (“Joseph” 1). Neither Napoleon nor Stalin had any empathy; they “ruled with an iron fist and killed all those who opposed [them] (“Animal” 1). While Napoleon reigns with his dogs and Squealer at his side, Stalin utilizes his KGB and propaganda to control the people (1 ).
Both leaders purge their nations of thought traitors and, in Napoleon’s case, Snowball followers (Urban 2). Napoleon, like Stalin, traded with other neighboring areas for products despite the fact that it was initially chosen there would be no interactions. Under Napoleon and Stalin’s guideline, there is “performance and economy development however at terrific cost” (“Joseph” 1). Although the economy grows more diverse, animals and human beings are passing away both physically and psychologically. In Animal Farm, Snowball, the brilliant leader, represents advanced Leon Trotsky. Both are smart, effective, and inventive.
They are smart, young speakers that desire a better life for all people (“Animal” 1). Snowball is run out of Animal Farm by Napoleon; similarly, Trotsky is killed at the hands of Stalin (1 ). Snowball is considered an “enemy of the farm,” and Trotsky is thought about an “enemy of individuals” (Urban 2). Both were “consistently denounced as traitor [s] by [their] native countr [ies], and wild lies were developed to discredit [them] (“Animal” 1). Rumors spread out about the leaders remaining in surrounding areas, and whenever something fails, they are blamed.
Like Stalin and Trotsky in reality, Napoleon and Snowball go head to head on many controversial subjects, like building the windmill and education. Orwell states, “At conferences, Snowball frequently won over the bulk by his fantastic speeches, but Napoleon was much better at canvassing support for himself in between times” (63 ). To set up a positive technique of communism, Snowball and Trotsky use their writing abilities and intelligence to sway the general public (Buch 2). On the other hand, Napoleon and Trotsky discover ways to acquire appeal without providing speeches and displaying their knowledge.
In the unique, Squealer the pig is symbolic of propaganda in Russia. Squealer, like propaganda, is persuasive and can “turn black to white” (“Animal” 1). Squealer convinces the animals that Napoleon is smart and Snowball is wicked, while propaganda persuades people that Stalin is a great leader and Trotsky is a traitor. Squealer refers to reductions in rations as “readjustments;” this is symbolic of the brand-new language developed to puzzle people in the Soviet Union. Both guarantee the public that conditions are better now than before communism.
Orwell states,” [Squealer] repeated a variety of times, ‘Methods, comrades, methods!’ skipping round and round whisking his tail with a merry laugh. The animals were not particular what the word meant, however Squealer spoke so persuasively, and the 3 pet dogs who happened to be with him grumbled so threateningly, that they accepted his description without more concerns” (72 ). Like Russian propaganda, Squealer responses concerns indirectly and convinces the general public by instilling fear in them. In general, the pigs of Animal Farm represent the Communist Party patriots.
When communism is developed, both are worried about the welfare of the public. As time progresses, these original innovative concepts are modified and changed for the worse (“Animal” 1). The pigs and the followers take advantage of their roles as leaders. In the end, the pigs, like the loyalists, lastly reach the height of their corruption and become as cruel as the previous rulers; Orwell states, “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from male to pig, and from pig to man again; but it was already impossible to state which was which” (139 ).
Even though the revolution starts with favorable goals and intentions, the leaders become careless with their power and end up no much better than their predecessors. In general, there is a clear connection between the pigs of Animal Farm and the Russian communist leaders. Every action made by the pigs is symbolic of an actual occasion in history. In the end, the pigs, like the communist rulers, disregard the transformation goals and are almost indistinguishable from the previous leaders. Functions Cited “Animal Farm Symbolism/Interpretation.” TNT Learning. 1999. (30 April 2007). Buch, Fred. “Leon Trotsky.” Fbuch. com. n. d. (1