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The Crucible by Arthur Miller Essay


he Crucible emerged from a real story which makes the play more persuading. It was based on the Salem, Massachusetts Witch Trial in 1629. At the time people were incredibly spiritual and thought in witchcraft and devilry. It was strictly forbidden for individuals to dance, sing, and laugh and if they were found doing these activities, they were accused of witchcraft and lots of were to die of this. Miller chose to write a play which would increase America’s awareness of the approaching of the communist in the 1950’s.

It is very important for the audience to understand the historical background, and comprehend what living in Salem, Massachusetts resembled in the 17th Century. Individuals of Salem were Puritans- descendents of the Pilgrim Father, who showed up in America from England in 1960 due to the fact that they wanted a stricter way of life with regard to their faith. Their lives included working, eating, sleeping and praying. Any kind of enjoyment was prohibited. This indicated that singing and dancing was forbidden and viewed as an interaction with the devil.

Individuals of Salem believed in witchcraft, and in 1692, lots of people were accused and hanged due to the fact that of this. Individuals incriminated each other, both neighbours and buddies. This shows that although on the surface area, society appears joined, cracks were starting to emerge. In the 1950’s there was a modern day witch hunt in America. Instead of searching witches “Free thinkers,” That is individuals who had private thoughts were implicated of disloyalty and communist sympathies, which often resulted in loss of their jobs. In order to protect themselves, just as in The Crucible, they blamed others.

The Crucible was influenced by Millers’ experiences of the 1950’s. It was Senator Joseph McCarthy who created the hunt for communists. The similarities in between the Crucible and McCarthy’s’ allegations of the 1950’s were knocked. Without evidence or evidence the prompting of worry and suspicion would lead in the 1950’s to the eventual separate of families and friendship as individuals implicated each other of disloyal acts against America. This was to lead to America ending up being permeated by paranoia and scepticism. Before the audience even fulfills Abigail, they learn that she is a problem maker “with an endless capability for dissembling.

” In the opening act in between Parris and Abigail, stress increases as Parris persistently questions her about the night they were dancing in the woods, “what did you make with her in the forest?” But Abigail rejects any accusations and always defends herself, “But we never ever conjured spirits.” Nevertheless Parris does not stop questioning her and feelings begin to increase when he points out witchcraft, “trafficked with spirits in the forest.” Abigail emphatically assents herself by stating, “we never ever conjured spirits.” At this stage she is attempting to defuse the circumstance however the audience are currently experiencing a steady increase in tension.

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