Arthur Miller wrote a play called ‘The Crucible’ in the early 50s. Even though the text in the play tells the story of a few of The Salem Witch Trials, there is proof which shows that Miller clearly links his own communist trial by McCarthy to the outrageous trials of the witches. Due to this disgraceful act towards him from the powers within society, Miller chose to compose a play to show his own viewpoint of 1950s society to individuals of America.
The setting of Act 3 can be translated as an attack on the seriousness of the authorities in Salem and 1950s America. Firstly, at the start of Act 3, the stage instructions states ‘two high windows’. This phase direction is truly used simply for directors to have a great impression of what the phase need to look like from Miller’s point of view. However, if you analyze the entire phase directions thoroughly, it says that besides the sunlight, the entire room is dark which the trials are being kept in that room.
This symbolises that the authorities of Salem are unjust due to the fact that they believe that what they is doing is holy and just; however they are secretly hiding away from God.
The darkness symbolised by the dark room and the light produced by the window, shows that God is present which they can not conceal from him. The windows being high recommends that God and justice are extremely tough to reach. This shows that for authority in society to truly reach the holy and just state of presence that they desire, they still have a long way to go. This relates to Miller’s experience since he was trying to state that America in 1950s was simply as corrupt as the witch trials in 1692, therefore stating that because 1692 until 1950 society hasn’t carried on to be more fair or more just. Miller’s attack recommends that there is still a long method to go till society can be genuinely called reasonable.
Secondly, the method Miller has set out some of the characters such as their language or their tone of voice is likewise an attack on society. I believe this is because of the impressions produced by the characters that many people would usually interpret them as being excellent individuals, however Miller reveals that they are not. One example is Judge Hathorne. On page sixty-seven he asks Martha how she understands that she is ‘not a witch’, this reveals that he is trying to trick her in saying the things he desires her to.
This shows us that for Hathorne to get what he wants he has to stoop down to a level of hoax, which is really low for an individual of his status. This symbolises the fact that the authority are being hypocritical due to the fact that they do what they are trying to rid society from doing– wicked deeds. This point gets in touch with the McCarthy trials of Miller due to the fact that Judge McCarthy also needed to stoop so low, by using hazards. Miller had the option of either calling names or get ruined.
Thirdly, I believe that the method a few of the people dress likewise shows how Miller attacks society. This is due to the fact that Miller desired us to know how power can corrupt us so he suggested all the wicked people by the clothing they wore and also their clothes revealed us just how much power they had. One example is again Judge Hathorne. I state this because in the courtroom Hathorne serves as he please due to his awareness that nobody in the court could overthrow him. Miller uses this to try and show the audience how power can cause people to act and abuse it, and a lot more so if it is supported by everybody in society concurring with whatever Hathorne had to state.
Therefore revealing us that power can be utilized inefficiently if offered to the incorrect individuals. This is a link to Arthur Miller’s individual experience in the McCarthy trial due to the fact that he believed that Judge McCarthy let his power obstruct of fairness and justice. The people of America supported McCarthy much like individuals of Salem. In the play Miller exposes society’s function in helping to condemn people by showing Parris supporting Hathorne. Miller shows that this fed Hathorne’s ego a lot more, and therefore Miller seemed to think that McCarthy was an inept individual due to the fact that he abused his power much like Judge Hathorne. This is an attack on society because Miller is stating that society should be much more careful about giving a lot power to someone who didn’t deserve it. Also he motivates society to consider what they were doing in the past giving support to someone unworthy and boosting their ego.
This courtroom scene provides innocent characters risking their lives in order to tell the fact seems to be an attack on the injustice of Salem as well as of 1950s America. We understand this due to the fact that there is much proof in this scene to back the point up. One piece of proof is the declaration made by Hale on page seventy-eight where he says there is a ‘prominent worry’ in the court. This reveals that Hale can see that some oppression is going on and is frightened of it. Then when Hale tells Danforth that he is afraid, Danforth replies that there is a ‘distinguished regret’ rather and threatens him by asking him if he is afraid to be questioned.
Later Hathorne’s sensation of intimidation grows so that he blows up. This reveals oppression and is connected back to my point at the beginning of the paragraph, due to the fact that all Hale was doing was informing him what he thought was the truth. Danforth appeared like he was being pressurised so he needed to use his power to intimidate and threaten Hale so that he could feel safe. This might be associated with Miller’s own experience due to the fact that when authority in society in America in the 1950s felt threatened they needed to use their impact and power to threaten and daunt people. Just like when Miller was threatened and run the risk of being destroyed just for believing in something. Even though Miller could most likely not hurt any person by himself, this is similar to the threat Reverend Hale risked of being hanged just for exposing the truth that the court was an unjustified one.