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Faith and Authority in The Crucible


In the 17th century, faith had a major impact on authority. Faith and authority went hand and hand. An authority figure is someone whom has control, a minimum of to a certain extent. My analysis of 17th century North American Calvinists and Puritanists show a shift of faith and assurance in religious authorities. This appears in Mary Rowlandson’s “The Narrative of the captivity and the repair of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson”, Anne Bradstreet’s poem “Verses upon the Burning of our house” and Arthur Miller book entitled “The Crucible”.

In the 17th century faith was a huge thing in The United States and Canada. There were 2 significant religious beliefs, Calvinism and Puritanism. Both religious beliefs were sets of Christianity; one was more severe than the other. Calvinists had 5 tenets or beliefs. The tenets are Total wickedness, unconditionally chosen, Restricted atonement, Alluring grace and Preserve. Based on those tenets as a Calvinist, being selected you have a chance to leave your life of sin. They think that they were born into sin and you can’t leave your sinful nature.

Once you are selected, you need to do the work of God and teach despite suffering.

On the other hand, Puritanists were more extreme than Calvinists. In the word “Puritanism”, the base word is pure. Pure generally indicates tidy or without sin in this context. Puritanists should sleep, believe and breathe God. Doing anything else is wicked. There is nobody above the almighty God. Materialistic things have no value, especially when compared to God. Mary Rowlandson author of “The Story of the captivity and the repair of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” believes that her God is the supreme authority. In the 17th century the partners were viewed as their lords.

She didn’t contact her hubby throughout the intrusion, she called upon God. This reveals that she is dedicated to God and her belief system. In Addition, she thinks everything occurs for a factor. She thinks that the Indian invasion is a test of faith from her God. In the text it stated” The lord thus would make us the more acknowledge his hand, and to see that our assistance is constantly in him”. This appears that Mary Rowlandson is a devoted and devoted Calvinists. In her narrative it said” but we need to go …” This quote is saying she is gotten ready for anything and whatever.

It sets the tone. The tone of the narrative is positive, due to the fact that of her faith. In other words, Mary Rowlandson thinks God is the head of all! On the other hand, Bradstreet can not state the very same. Anne Bradstreet author of the poem “Verses upon the Burning of our house” likewise thought that God is her supreme authorist. In the text it mentioned “and to my god… “. It reveals that she is likewise dedicated to her God, however later on their is a shift in faith.” Here stood that trunk, and there that chest… my pleasant things in ashes lie.” She is being self-centered, according to her faith.

Thinking of materialistic things are against her religious beliefs. At this point, her perspective is prevented and selfish. The tone of Bradstreet’s poem is mad. One moment she is sleep, then abruptly she is waken by a fire. Her kids sound horrendous weeping. Hence, she is questioning her faith in God, which is her challenge. Proctor is a character in Arthur Miller’s book “The Crucible” viewed Reverend Parris as an authority figure.” I desire a mark of self-confidence… I do not want to be put out like the feline”. Proctor thinks Parris is a scams.

Proctor has never ever had a reverend request landrights. Parris feels that having landrights will ensure him that he will not get kicked out on his butt. Proctor’s tone toward Parris is hostile and disrespectful. Proctor disrespectfully discussed Parris in “The Crucible”. In a scene with Hale, he specified that his kid has not been baptized since” I do not desire Parris to lay a hand on his infant”. Proctor does not have a problem with God, he has a problem with religious figure. A theocracy is a federal government ruled by a or based on spiritual authority. Theocracy was significant in the 17th century.

Nowadays, theocracy is being outdated. In Middle eastern countries theocracy is extremely crucial. Those countries have secular governments. The United States has a Democracy. Federal government and religion are two separate things. Our laws do not depend on a religion, generally since the USA constitution offers us freedom to practice any religious beliefs we want. That is why theocracy is not relevant in the USA today. There are thousands if religious beliefs practiced in the US today. To make laws around faith would trigger conflicts since it would be difficult to please everything.

I learned the importance of faith and authority int he 17th century. There is a significant difference compared to today’s relationship between religious beliefs and authority. Some individuals do not believe in God, in the 17th century that would have been implicated of being a witch, practicing witchcraft and would have been eliminated. Authority is seen is different locations. In homes, authority is seen in parents. In schools, the teachers and principal are authority figures. In the 17th century, authority was seen in God and only in God.

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