How do authors show that belonging can emerge from connections with people, places and neighborhoods? In you respond to, refer to your recommended text and a minimum of 2 associated text of your own picking. A person’s experience of approval and inclusion are needed worths in the humanity where one’s sense of belonging is an important factor. This could be developed from connections emerging in between people, locations and communities where perception and ideas of belonging or not belonging differ. This is formed within the cultural, historical and social context where the aspects of belonging in terms of ideas of identity, relationships, understanding and approval are produced.
The core text, The Crucible, a novel by Arthur Miller, associated texts Perfume: The Story of a Murderer by Patrick Suskind and Rhapsody on a Windy Night, a poem by T.S. Eliot, reveal the characters’ choices to belong and not to belong and the barriers which avoid a sense of belonging within the people, locations and communities.
The Crucible, set in 1692, focuses on the historical context of the witch-hunt happened in Salem which is also parallel to the McCarthyism age, where both period’s social stability was challenged. Miller utilized the Salem witch trials as a metaphor of the McCarthyism where he used the play to criticize America’s social compliance and mass hysteria which connects to Salem’s desire for power and supremacy through the social hysteria. The play reveals that people typically prey on those who are considered outsiders, particularly when the accuser is encouraged by greed and worry. As Danforth demands the ‘truth’ from Mary Warren in Act 3, “Has he ever threatened you?”, indicates that he is searching for the answer that will please him, separating Mary Warren’s response possibly due to the fact that she is a child who is easy to control. “However all organization is and must be grounded on the concept of exclusion and prohibition, just as two things can not inhabit the exact same area” signifies the society extremely values the requirement to be limited and not private which reveals the exceptionally spiritual society they were surviving in, and were considered “heathens” if not believing God which currently shows the ‘belonging’ that the people of the society is anticipated to follow.
This symbolizes that there was no uniqueness within this community and that modification and distinctions were certainly limited from the society. When Tituba was threatened “you will confess or I will whip you to death” and after that comforted “we will secure you” connotates the juxtaposition that is displayed in order to suggest the paradoxical situation within the community and characters where the sense of belonging is expressed through the characters’ approval manner in such controlling way, highlighting all the connections of people, locations and community utilized to reveal the emerging sense of belonging. Moreover, Patrick Suskind’s Fragrance: The Story of a Murderer reveals the lead character, Grenouille, as an outcast from society due to the fact that of his superstitious sense of smell which links to the concept of ‘witchcraft’ as a barrier of belonging in The Crucible. With alienation and hatred for humankind as the central style of the unique, the barriers that he face that prevents sense of belonging is represented through scent. His superhuman sense of odor, his body’s lack of scent and murderous acts he devotes eventually leads himself to be separated from people, places and neighborhood and with that, he starts to resent humankind. “A baby is not yet a human; it is a prehuman being and does not yet possess a totally developed soul.”
Here, Daddy Terrier describes Grenouille as a baby. The undertone of child as subhuman currently shows the barrier that prevents a sense of belonging which might also recommend how the environment of the society is presented in the text. “That cry, emitted upon careful consideration, one may almost state upon fully grown factor to consider, was the newborn’s decision against love and nonetheless for life.” Suskind’s use of personification offers the ‘cry’ human functions to attribute powers of understanding and volition to a newborn which they could not perhaps had. A newborn making ‘fully grown’ considerations and choices is ridicule, that makes the lead character appear more monstrous not just to the audience but the community. Another remark that highlights Grenouille’s detachment from society is considered by the characters around him. “He sought all just an apprentice, which was to state, a nobody. Strictly speaking, he was less than a nobody, because an appropriate apprentice required to be of irreproachable i.e., legitimate, birth, to have loved ones of like standing, and to have a certificate of indenture, all of which he did not have.”
Using repetition of ‘no one’ is shown to highlight his absence of humanity, his ugliness, his absence of desire for love, superstitious capability to smell and his name, which indicates frog, separates him from the rest. Since of his absence of scent, it is thought that Grenouille never ever makes a genuine connection with another person and that nobody sees him as a human, not even himself. Likewise, The Rhapsody on a Windy Night by T.S. Eliot also demonstrates the protagonist’s alienation from individuals, locations and neighborhood through complex imagery. With regard to The Crucible and Fragrance: The Story of a Killer, the poem exposes the seclusion the protagonist experience from the rest through the lack of communication and interaction in between individuals, locations and neighborhoods through a midnight ‘stroll’ where his memories are triggered and considered as a walk for the final time. “The street lamp sputtered, the street light whispered” reveals making use of personification of the street lamps to repeat the idea of solitude and that he is estrangement towards the society.
It also utilizes onomatopoeia and rhyme to create the rhythm of strolling, creating the atmosphere of isolation. The street lamps could likewise signify the direct exposure of memories which are activated by what the lead character sees in the light of the lamp. Throughout the poem, the only communication that is evident is just the street lamps and there’s also a female who “hesitates towards him”. This not just reveals that there’s absence of interaction in between the protagonist and the world, however also that individuals around can not make needed human contact. “I could see nothing behind that child’s eye” communicates the reverse of kids who are portrayed as bright and innocent characters however this might recommend that even kids can no longer interact.
“Every street light that I pass beats like a fatalistic drum” uses simile to show the catalyst for a sequence of thoughts, memories and images going through the lead character as he passes each street lamp and also might represent hope in the dark setting. “As if the world gave up the secret of its skeleton, stiff and white” supports the concept of giving up on the world, thus life. “Stiff and white” recommends that the world has no goodness and no wonder and also signifies the world as hollow with no inside, flesh or soul. This might indicate the fact that the community is the barrier that avoids a sense of belonging as it’s decomposing and there is no hope offered for it. This is emphasized in the last verse where he “sleep, prepare for life”. It could suggest the afterlife, hence death. Through the ideas of absence of interaction, the author demonstrates that sense of belonging or not to belong through the connections between individuals, places and neighborhoods.