The Crucible Short Type
Short Form Title: The Crucible Author & & Date: Arthur Miller 1953 Major Characters: John Proctor– A local farmer who lives just outdoors town; Elizabeth Proctor’s partner. John dislikes hypocrisy. However, he has a surprise sin; his affair with Abigail Williams; that proves his downfall. When the hysteria begins, he is reluctant to expose Abigail as a scams since he stresses that his secret will be exposed and his reputation messed up. Abigail Williams– Reverend Parris’s niece.
Abigail was as soon as the servant for the Proctor household, however Elizabeth Proctor fired her after she found that Abigail was having an affair with her spouse, John Proctor. Abigail is clever, cunning, an excellent liar, and vindictive when crossed. Reverend John Hale– A young minister deemed to be a specialist on witchcraft. Reverend Hale is contacted to Salem to analyze Parris’s child Betty. Hale is a dedicated Christian and hater of witchcraft. His important mind and intelligence save him from falling under blind eagerness. His arrival sets the hysteria in movement, although he later on regrets his actions and efforts to conserve the lives of those implicated.
Minor Characters Mary Warren– The servant in the Proctor family and a member of Abigail’s group of women. She is a shy girl, quickly influenced by those around her, who attempted unsuccessfully to expose the hoax and eventually recanted her confession. Reverend Parris– The minister of Salem’s church. Reverend Parris is a paranoid, power-hungry, yet oddly self-pitying figure. A number of the townsfolk, especially John Proctor, dislike him, and Parris is very interested in building his position in the community. Settings:
The Church/Court House- All the trials happen in Salem and where individuals of the town that are implicated of being a witch and a fan of the devil are charged. Salem- The town which the witch routes occur in the 1600’s. Plot: The crucible is play about the witch trials in Salem, it starts with us learning about a young girl who is unable to relocate her bed. The villagers believe witchcraft but they do not know that the night prior to all the women in the village slipped out to the woods where they made a potion, with the aid of black slave, Titchuba, to let them have the guy they like.
It was great until one lady, Abigail, went too far and wished death on the partner of John Proctor. The women went nuts, dancing and removing but then Abigail’s uncle walks in and discovers them. This is the genuine reason the girl is unable to move, fear. The women turn on the remainder of the town and blame them for the witchcraft. To save themselves from penalty they blame others and many innocent people are hanged. Symbols: The Crucible- The title itself is a symbol. A crucible is a bowel type pot that holds up against extremely high temperatures for melting various metals.
The crucible represents the church and how they pulled the traitors in and attempted to melt down all their stability by tearing them down. The church is essentially evaluating the purity or goodness of everyone and although they might be taking the phonies its what they view as pure. Witch Trials- The witch trials represents the fear and hysteria in the community. It never occurred to the church that the entire thing might be a lie or some sort of story implied to gain attention. Due to the fact that faith was so delicate and not always easy to believe the church would do anything to make the outside world without God seem scarier.
The Poppet- Mary Warren’s poppet would represent the uneasiness of the neighborhood. A poppet was something that symbolized innocence and youth, however, since of someone’s words the poppet becomes this wicked thing that people start to fear. In addition to witchcraft was voodoo and these dolls were believed to be used to hurt and curse individuals these dolls were made after. The Noose (Hangings): The strongest of all signs would probably be the noose. The gallows throughout this entire play are basically this horrific approaching doom that everyone is going to need to face ultimately.
Each time somebody went to prison they were essentially going to go to the gallows whether they wished to or not. In order to prevent this horrible death then you might lie and confess that you were working for the Devil and often times the ladies did precisely that. Allusion: In Act 2, Elizabeth states, Abigail brings the other women into the court, “and where she strolls the crowds will part like the sea for Israel.” This is referring to Moses, who parted the seas of Israel for the Israelites to get away from the Pharaoh’s armies. Authors composing style:
The dialogue is the simple language of country folks, while at the very same time using old-fashioned vocabulary and grammar. The narrative asides are slightly more intricate and utilize regular, basic, 1950s everyday language. Themes: Lies and Deceit- The majority of the characters in The Crucible are lying if not to other individuals, then to themselves. Abigail lies about her ability to see spirits, as do the other ladies; Proctor is deceitful initially for unfaithful on his partner and then for hiding it; and the judge and lieutenant governor and ministers lie to themselves and everybody else in saying that they serve the cause of God’s justice.
The twist in the story is that by telling the reality (“I am not a witch”), you die, however you likewise get your flexibility; that is, you keep your standing with God, and you end up being a martyr. Respect and Credibility- Credibility is incredibly essential in a town where social standing is tied to one’s capability to follow spiritual rules. Your good name is the only method you can get other individuals to do company with you or perhaps get a fair hearing. Naturally, track record implied absolutely nothing when a witchcraft allegation was looking you in the face. Excellent vs. Evil- The whole village bases its belief system on the dispute in between good vs. evil, or Satan vs.
God. Over and over, as individuals are implicated of witchcraft, this paradigm gets dragged out. Quotes: “I want to open myself! … I want the light of God, I desire the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him, I wrote in his book; I return to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osburn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil!”– Abigail screams this at the end of Act 1 to confess what she has done however then contributes to the lie of people following the devil. “You should comprehend, sir, that an individual is either with this court or he need to be counted against it, there be no roadway between.
This is a sharp time, now, a precise time– we live no longer in the dusky afternoon when wicked combined itself with great and befuddled the world. Now, by God’s grace, the shining sun is up, and them that fear not light will definitely praise it.”– This is stated by Danforth to John Proctor and shows the attitude of the court system. “A guy may believe God sleeps, but God sees whatever, I know it now. I ask you, sir, I beg you– see her what she is … She thinks to dance with me on my wife’s tomb! And well she might, for I thought about her softly. God help me, I starved, and there is a guarantee in such sweat.
But it is a whore’s vengeance …”– John Proctor lastly confesses to his affair with Abigail Williams and how she is lying to the court. “Because it is my name! Due to the fact that I can not have another in my life! Since I lie and sign myself to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without my name? I have actually given you my soul; leave me my name!”– Proctor says these lines at the end of the play, in Act IV, when he is battling with his conscience over whether to confess to witchcraft and thereby conserve himself from the gallows.