The Crucible, a historical play based on occasions of the Salem witchcraft trials, happens in a small Puritan town in the nest of Massachusetts in 1692. The witchcraft trials, as Miller explains in a prose prologue to the play, grew out of the particular moral system of the Puritans, which promoted disturbance in others’ affairs as well as a repressive standard procedure that disapproved any diversion from standards of behavior.
The play begins in the house of Reverend Samuel Parris, whose daughter, Betty, lays ill. Parris lives with his daughter and his seventeen-year old niece, Abigail Williams, an orphan who witnessed her moms and dads’ murder by the Indians. Parris has sent for Reverend Hale of Beverly, believing his child’s illness comes from supernatural descriptions. Betty became ill when her dad found her dancing in the woods with Abigail, Tituba (the Parris’ servant from Barbados) and a number of other regional girls. Currently there are reports that Betty’s health problem is due to witchcraft, but Parris informs Abigail that he can not admit that he found his daughter and niece dancing like heathens in the forest. Abigail states that she will confess to dancing and accept the punishment, but will not confess to witchcraft. Abigail and Parris discuss reports about the girls: when they were dancing among the girls was naked, and Tituba was screeching gibberish. Parris likewise raises reports that Abigail’s former employer, Elizabeth Proctor, thinks that Abby is immoral.
Thomas and Ann Putnam get here and inform Parris that their daughter, Ruth, is ill. Ann Putnam admits that she sent Ruth to Tituba, for Tituba knows how to speak to the dead and could find out who murdered her 7 children, each of whom died throughout infancy. When the adults leave, Abigail discusses Betty’s illness with Grace Lewis and Mary Warren, the servants of the Putnams and the Proctors, respectively. Abigail threatens them, alerting them not to say anything more than that they danced and Tituba conjured Ruth’s sis. John Proctor arrives to discover Mary and send her home. He talks with Abigail alone, and she confesses to him about the dancing. In the past, John and Abigail had an affair, which is the reason that Elizabeth Proctor fired her. Abigail proposals John, but he sternly declines her. When Betty hears people singing psalms from outside, she starts to squeal. Reverend Parris returns, and understands that Betty can not bear to hear the Lord’s name.
Giles Corey and Rebecca Nurse are the beside visit. The former is a controversial old man, while the latter is a well-respected old female. Rebecca declares that Betty’s health problem is absolutely nothing serious, however simply a childish stage. Parris confronts Proctor since he has not been in church just recently, but Proctor claims that Parris is too obsessed with damnation and never points out God.
Reverend John Hale arrives from Beverly, an academic man who searches for precise indications of the supernatural. Parris informs him about the dancing and the conjuring, while Giles Corey asks if there is any significance to his better half’s reading strange books. Hale concerns Abigail, asking if she sold her soul to Lucifer. Finally Abigail blames Tituba, claiming that Tituba made Abigail and Betty drink blood which Tituba sends her spirit out to make mischief. Putnam declares that Tituba must be hanged, but Hale confronts her. Upon recognizing that the only method to save herself is to admit to the charge, Tituba declares that the devil concerned her and assured to return her to Barbados. She says that numerous women were with him, consisting of Sarah Good and Sarah Osburn, and the ladies join in the chorus of allegations, name more individuals they claim to have actually seen with the devil.
The second act occurs a week later on in the Proctor’s house. John Proctor returns house late after a long day planting in the fields, and Elizabeth believes that he has actually been in the town. Mary Warren has actually existed as an official of the court for the witchcraft trials, even after Elizabeth forbade her. Elizabeth tells John that she should inform Ezekiel Cheever, the constable, that Abigail admitted that Betty’s illness has absolutely nothing to do with witchcraft, but Proctor confesses that no one will believe him because he was alone with Abigail at the time. Elizabeth is disturbed by this, however Proctor reprimands her for her suspicion. Mary Warren gets here and offers Elizabeth a poppet that she made in court. Mary tells them that thirty-nine individuals have been jailed and Sarah Osburn will hang, however not Sarah Good, who confessed. When Proctor becomes angry at Mary, she informs him that she conserved Elizabeth’s life today, for her name was discussed in court.
John Hale gets here. He tells the Proctors that Rebecca Nurse was charged, then concerns Proctor on his churchgoing routines. Lastly he makes Proctor state the ten rules; he can remember 9 of the ten, however Elizabeth should advise him of adultery. Proctor informs Hale what Abigail confessed about Parris finding her in the woods, however Hale states that it should be nonsense, for a lot of have actually admitted to witchcraft. Proctor reminds him that these people would certainly admit, if rejecting it means that they be hanged. Hale asks Proctor whether he thinks in witches, and he states that he does, however not those in Salem. Elizabeth denies all belief in witchcraft, for she believes that the devil can not take a female’s soul if she is really upright.
Ezekiel Cheever gets here to arrest Elizabeth on the charge that she sent her spirit out to Abigail and stuck a needle in her. Cheever finds the poppet, which has a needle in it, however Mary Warren says that she made the poppet in court that day, although Abigail witnessed her making it. Upon hearing the charge, Elizabeth declares that Abigail is a murderer who should be removed of the world. Proctor rips up the warrant and tells Cheever that he will not provide his wife to revenge. When Hale firmly insists that the court is just, Proctor calls him a Pontius Pilate. He finally demands that Mary Warren pertain to court and testify against Abigail, however she sobs that she can not.
The 3rd act occurs in the vestry room of the Salem meeting home, which serves the court. Giles Corey arrives with Francis Nurse and informs Deputy Governor Danforth, who commands the trials, that Thomas Putnam is charging people with witchcraft in order to get their land. He likewise states that he meant absolutely nothing when he said that his better half checked out odd books.
John Proctor gets here with Mary Warren, and presents a deposition signed by Mary that asserts that she never saw any spirits. Parris believes that they exist to overthrow the court, and Danforth concerns whether Proctor has any ulterior intention, and informs Proctor that his spouse is pregnant and hence will live a minimum of one more year, even if convicted. Proctor likewise presents a petition signed by ninety-one people vouching for the great character of Elizabeth Proctor, Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey. Parris claims that this is an attack upon the court, but Hale asks Parris if every defense is an attack on it.
Putnam gets to the court, and Giles Corey charges him with murder. Giles informs Danforth that somebody informed him that Putnam prompted his child to accuse George Jacobs so that he might purchase his land. Giles declines to call this individual, and so is detained for contempt. Abigail then shows up with the other girls, and Proctor tells Danforth how Abigail indicates to murder his other half. Abigail pretends that she feels a sharp wind threatening her. Proctor gets her by the hair and calls her a whore, finally admitting his affair.
Danforth orders that Elizabeth be brought to the court. If Elizabeth admits to shooting Abigail for her affair, Danforth will charge Abigail with murder. Elizabeth, believing that she is safeguarding her hubby, just declares that she fired Abigail because of poor work practices. Proctor weeps out for Elizabeth to tell the fact, and Hale confesses that Elizabeth’s lie is a natural one to tell. Abigail then declares that Mary Warren’s spirit is attacking her in the kind of a bird. Although Mary declares that the women are lying, she soon breaks down and tells Danforth that Proctor is in league with Satan and wants to take down the court. Proctor weeps out that God is dead, and that a fire is burning in Hell since the court is pulling Heaven down and raising up a whore. Hale knocks the procedures and stops the court.
The 4th act takes places a number of months later on in the autumn at the Salem jail cell. Cheever details how the town remains in disarray due to the fact that so many people are in jail. Hale has actually been pleading Rebecca Nurse to confess to witchcraft. Parris shows up and tells Danforth how Abigail has actually vanished with Grace Lewis and taken his money. Parris stresses over the reports of rebellion against the witchcraft procedures in Andover, but Hathorne advises Parris how there has just been great fulfillment in all of the Salem executions. Parris reminds him that Rebecca Nurse is no immoral woman like the others performed and there will be consequences to her execution. Still, Danforth declines to postpone any of the executions.
Danforth calls for Elizabeth Proctor, and Hale tells her that he does not desire Proctor to die, for he would feel responsible for the murder. He informs Elizabeth that God might damn a phony less than a person who throws one’s life away, however Elizabeth declares that this may be the Devil’s argument. Finally Elizabeth consents to consult with Proctor, who is brought in bearded and filthy. Proctor and Elizabeth discuss their children, and Elizabeth informs him how Giles Corey passed away: when he declined to address yes or no to his indictment, and was thus pushed with stones up until he would answer. He just offered the words “more weight” before they crushed him.
Proctor says that he can not install the gibbet as a saint, for it would be a scams to claim that he has actually never ever lied. Elizabeth says that she has her own sins, for only a cold wife would trigger lechery. Lastly Proctor chooses that he will admit himself. Danforth requires a composed confession and, to show the pureness of his soul, he requires that Proctor accuse others. Hale suggests that it is sufficient for Proctor to confess to God, however Danforth still requires a written declaration. Proctor declines, since he wants only to keep his good name for the respectability of his children. Danforth contradicts his confession, and orders that he be hanged. Hale asks Elizabeth to plead with Proctor to sign a confession, but Elizabeth claims that Proctor now has his goodness, and no one needs to take it far from him.