Things Break Down by Chinua Achebe
Things Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe Summary and Analysis Part 1: Chapter 12 Summary After Chielo took Ezinma away, Okonkwo was not able to sleep. He made several journeys to the cavern prior to he finally found and signed up with Ekwefi waiting outside the cave. When Chielo came out of Agbala’s cave with Ezinma in the morning hours, she ignored Okonkwo and Ekwefi and brought the sleeping Ezinma home to her bed, with the lady’s moms and dads following behind. On the following day, the town commemorates the next event in the marital relationship of the daughter of Obierika, Okonkwo’s friend.
The uri is a ritual in which the suitor presents palm-oil to everybody in the bride’s instant family, her relatives, and her prolonged group of kinsmen. For this event, mostly a female’s routine, the bride-to-be’s mom is expected to prepare food for the entire town with the assistance of other females. Ekwefi is tired after the preceding night’s occasions. She postpones going to the event till Ezinma wakes and eats her breakfast. Okonkwo’s other spouses and kids proceed to Obierika’s compound; the youngest partner promises to go back to prepare Okonkwo’s afternoon meal.
Obierika is butchering 2 goats for the soup and is appreciating another goat that was purchased in a surrounding town as a present to the in-laws. He and the other males go over the magic of medicine utilized in the other village that draws individuals to the market and helps rob a few of them. While the women are preparing for the feast, they hear a cry in the range, exposing that a cow is loose. Leaving a few females to tend the cooking, the rest go find the cow and drive it back to its owner, who should pay a heavy fine. The ladies examine amongst themselves to be sure that every offered lady has taken part in rounding up the cow.
The palm-wine ceremony starts in the afternoon as quickly as everyone gathers and starts to drink the first-delivered white wine. When the brand-new in-laws get here, they provide Obierika’s household with fifty pots of red wine, a very reputable number. The uri celebrations continue into the night and end with much singing and dancing. Analysis This chapter further adds to the understanding of several tribal customizeds and beliefs: the uri ceremony, which shows the stage of the marriage procedure following the agreement on bride-price (Chapter 8); the belief in supernatural powers to bring in people to a market and even to help ob them; the law that needs villagers to control and corral their animals otherwise pay a penalty; and the custom that requires all readily available women to chase after an escaped cow house. These descriptions follow the events of the preceding chapter and illustrate the strength of the villagers’ beliefs in the earth goddess and her powers, even when she requires the near abduction of a child. Yet, in the majority of the conventional events, the less than complete, blind obedience to a law or custom-made by some men and women recommends several strong, individual personalities.
For instance, Ekwefi is definitely among the less-traditionally constrained females, and Obierika represents men who question some customs and routines. Sex is a subtle part of courtship and marriage rituals. The chant at the end of the event, “when I hold her waist beads/ She pretends not to understand,” recommends that sexual anticipation is a pleasurable video game for women along with for guys. In the preceding chapter, Okonkwo’s protective, manly presence in the darkness by the cavern triggers Ekwefi’s fond memories of her very first wedding event night, when he “brought her into his bed and. began to probe her waist for the loose end of her fabric.” Glossary umunna the extended household and kinsmen. an excellent medicine a supernatural power or magic that may take the shape of a person. In the Umuike market, the medication assumes the shape of an old woman with a beckoning, wonderful fan. yam pottage a watery gruel made of yams. Summary In the dead of night, the sound of a drum and a cannon announce the death of Ezeudu, a crucial man in the village. Okonkwo shivers when he bears in mind that Ezeudu had cautioned him versus playing a part in the killing of Ikemefuna.
Everyone in the town collects for the funeral event of a warrior who had actually accomplished 3 titles in his lifetime, an unusual achievement. Throughout the event, males dance, fire off weapons, and dash about in a craze of wailing for the loss of Ezeudu. Periodically, the egwugwu spirits appear from the underworld, including a one-handed spirit who dances and brings a message for the dead Ezeudu. Before the burial, the dancing, drumming, and gunshots become progressively extreme. Unexpectedly an agonized cry and shouts of horror are followed by silence. Ezeudu’s sixteen-year-old boy is found dead in a pool of blood in the middle of the crowd.
When Okonkwo fired his gun, it took off and a piece of iron pierced the boy’s heart. In the history of Umuofia, such a mishap has never ever occurred. Okonkwo’s unintentional killing of a clansman is a crime versus the earth goddess, and he knows that he and his family need to leave Umuofia for 7 years. As his other halves and kids weep bitterly, they hurriedly pack their most valuable possessions into head loads to be brought as they prepare to flee prior to morning to Mbanta, the village of his mom. Friends move Okonkwo’s yams to Obierika’s substance for storage.
After the family’s departure the next early morning, a group of town guys, carrying out the conventional justice recommended by the earth goddess, attack Okonkwo’s compound and damage his barn, homes, and animals. Okonkwo’s good friend Obierika grieves his departure and wonders why Okonkwo must be penalized so seriously for a mishap. Again, Obierika considers the old customs, remembering his own twin children who were abandoned in the forest since of tribal custom. Analysis In the literary custom of the tragic hero, Okonkwo’s undoing continues with his unintentional killing of Ezeudu’s kid.
Early in the chapter, Achebe foreshadows the occasion with Okonkwo’s memory of Ezeudu’s warning about not eliminating Ikemefuna. The author develops remarkable tension by describing an increasingly crazy scene of dancing, leaping, screaming, drumming, and the shooting of weapons, in addition to the frightening appearance of the egwugwu. The action climaxes with a surge of shooting and after that pulls up with the expression “All was quiet.” Achebe stresses the gravity of Okonkwo’s criminal offense by saying that in Umuofia “absolutely nothing like this had ever taken place. As in Chapter 8, Obierika quietly concerns clan traditions– this time, the tradition demanding that Okonkwo be eliminated for 7 years due to the fact that of an unintentional killing. He likewise questions the tribal desertion of twins, remembering his own innocent children delegated die in the forest. The chapter includes numerous intimations of impending doom for the clan and its customs. Achebe ends the chapter dramatically with the saying, “If one finger brought oil, it soiled the others,” recommending that Okonkwo’s crime may cause the supreme failure of Umuofia tself. Glossary Go-di-di-go-go-di-go. Di-go-go-di-go the sound of drumbeats on the ekwe, or drums. esoteric intended for or understood by just a selected couple of, as an inner group of disciples or starts (said of ideas, literature, therefore). raffia 1) a palm tree of Madagascar, with large, pinnate leaves. 2) fiber from its leaves, utilized as string or woven into baskets, hats, and so on. Mbanta The name indicates small town and is where Okonkwo’s mom originates from, his motherland, beyond the borders of Mbaino (Ikemefuna’s original house).