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Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe – Detailed Analysis

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After Chielo took Ezinma away, Okonkwo was unable to sleep. He made several trips to the cavern prior to he lastly discovered and signed up with Ekwefi waiting outside the cave. When Chielo came out of Agbala’s cavern with Ezinma in the morning hours, she disregarded Okonkwo and Ekwefi and carried the sleeping Ezinma house to her bed, with the lady’s moms and dads following behind. On the following day, the town commemorates the next event in the marital relationship of the daughter of Obierika, Okonkwo’s pal.

The uri is a ritual in which the suitor provides palm-oil to everybody in the bride’s immediate household, her loved ones, and her prolonged group of kinsmen. For this ceremony, mostly a woman’s ritual, the bride-to-be’s mother is anticipated to prepare food for the entire village with the aid of other females. Ekwefi is tired after the preceding night’s occasions. She postpones going to the celebration till Ezinma wakes and consumes her breakfast.

Okonkwo’s other wives and kids continue to Obierika’s compound; the youngest spouse guarantees to return to prepare Okonkwo’s afternoon meal. Obierika is slaughtering 2 goats for the soup and is appreciating another goat that was purchased in a neighboring town as a present to the in-laws.

He and the other men talk about the magic of medication utilized in the other town that draws individuals to the market and helps rob a few of them. While the women are getting ready for the feast, they hear a cry in the range, revealing that a cow is loose. Leaving a couple of women to tend the cooking, the rest go find the cow and drive it back to its owner, who must pay a heavy fine. The women examine among themselves to be sure that every offered woman has participated in assembling the cow. The palm-wine ceremony starts in the afternoon as quickly as everyone gathers and begins to drink the first-delivered red wine. When the brand-new in-laws arrive, they present Obierika’s family with fifty pots of white wine, a really respectable number. The uri festivities continue into the night and end with much singing and dancing.

Analysis

This chapter further contributes to the understanding of a number of tribal customizeds and beliefs: the uri ceremony, which illustrates the stage of the marriage procedure following the contract on bride-price (Chapter 8); the belief in supernatural powers to attract people to a market and even to assist
rob them; the law that requires villagers to manage and confine their animals or else pay a charge; and the custom-made that requires all available ladies to chase after a left cow house. These descriptions follow the events of the preceding chapter and illustrate the strength of the villagers’ beliefs in the earth goddess and her powers, even when she needs the near abduction of a kid.

Yet, in most of the traditional events, the less than total, blind obedience to a law or custom-made by some men and women suggests numerous strong, specific characters. For example, Ekwefi is definitely one of the less-traditionally constrained women, and Obierika represents guys who question some customs and routines. Sexual activity is a subtle part of courtship and marital relationship rituals. The chant at the end of the celebration, “when I hold her waist beads/ She pretends not to understand,” recommends that sexual anticipation is a pleasurable video game for females as well as for guys. In the preceding chapter, Okonkwo’s protective, manly existence in the darkness by the cavern activates Ekwefi’s fond memories of her very first wedding night, when he “brought her into his bed and … started to probe her waist for the loose end of her fabric.”

Glossary umunna the extended household and kinsmen.

a great medicine a supernatural power or magic that might take the shape of an individual. In the Umuike market, the medication presumes the shape of an old female with a beckoning, wonderful fan. yam pottage a watery gruel made from yams.

Summary

In the dead of night, the noise of a drum and a cannon reveal the death of Ezeudu, an essential guy in the village. Okonkwo shivers when he keeps in mind that Ezeudu had alerted him versus playing a part in the killing of Ikemefuna. Everyone in the village collects for the funeral ceremony of a warrior who had achieved 3 titles in his life time, an uncommon achievement. Throughout the event, guys dance, fire off guns, and rush about in a frenzy of wailing for the loss of Ezeudu. Occasionally, the egwugwu spirits appear from the underworld, consisting of a one-handed spirit who dances and brings a message for the dead Ezeudu. Before the burial, the dancing, drumming, and gunshots become progressively extreme. Unexpectedly an agonized cry and shouts of horror are followed by silence. Ezeudu’s sixteen-year-old boy is found dead in a swimming pool of blood in the middle of the crowd. When Okonkwo fired his weapon, it took off and a piece of iron pierced the young boy’s heart. In the history of Umuofia, such an accident has never occurred. Okonkwo’s accidental killing of a clansman is a criminal offense against the earth goddess, and he knows that he and his family should leave Umuofia for seven years.

As his wives and kids sob bitterly, they hurriedly load their most valuable belongings into head loads to be brought as they prepare to run away prior to early morning to Mbanta, the town of his mother. Friends move Okonkwo’s yams to Obierika’s substance for storage. After the family’s departure the next morning, a group of village males, performing the conventional justice prescribed by the earth goddess, attack Okonkwo’s compound and ruin his barn, homes, and animals. Okonkwo’s buddy Obierika mourns his departure and wonders why Okonkwo ought to be punished so significantly for a mishap. Again, Obierika ponders the old traditions, remembering his own twin kids who were deserted in the forest since of tribal custom.

Analysis

In the literary tradition of the awful hero, Okonkwo’s undoing continues with his unintentional killing of Ezeudu’s child. Early in the chapter, Achebe foreshadows the event with Okonkwo’s memory of Ezeudu’s caution about not eliminating Ikemefuna. The author constructs remarkable stress by describing an increasingly crazy scene of dancing, jumping, yelling, drumming, and the shooting of guns, along with the frightening appearance of the egwugwu. The action climaxes with a surge of gunfire and then pulls up with the expression “All was quiet.” Achebe emphasizes the gravity of Okonkwo’s criminal activity by stating that in Umuofia “nothing like this had ever happened.”

As in Chapter 8, Obierika silently concerns clan customs– this time, the tradition requiring that Okonkwo be eradicated for seven years due to the fact that of an unexpected killing. He likewise questions the tribal desertion of twins, remembering his own innocent kids delegated die in the forest. The chapter includes a number of intimations of impending doom for the clan and its customs. Achebe ends the chapter dramatically with the proverb, “If one finger brought oil, it stained the others,” recommending that Okonkwo’s crime might lead to the supreme failure of Umuofia itself.

Glossary

Go-di-di-go-go-di-go. Di-go-go-di-go the sound of drumbeats on the ekwe, or drums. esoteric planned for or understood by just a picked few, as an inner group of disciples or initiates (stated of ideas, literature, therefore).

raffia 1) a palm tree of Madagascar, with large, pinnate leaves. 2) fiber from its leaves, used as string or woven into baskets, hats, and so on. Mbanta The name indicates small town and is where Okonkwo’s mom comes from, his motherland, beyond the borders of Mbaino (Ikemefuna’s original house).

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